Year: 2018, Issue: December

27

Monocrotophos induced histopathological changes in intestine of mice.

Suman Devi, Jagjeet Singh, Jyoti, Vijay Kumar and Vinay Malik

Pages:

145-149

2018

December

Drosophila, Temperature, Development, Longevity.

The use of experimental insect Drosophila melanogaster and artificial diet are very important aspect of biological study. However success in raising large broods of such experimental insects under artificial conditions depends mainly on a thorough study of their habits and biology especially of their reaction to different temperatures and relative humidity. In the present study the use of mutant strain (Curled) of Drosophila, a genetically experimental insect was studied in relation to different temperatures at laboratory conditions ranged between 10�C-40�C. The developmental period and longevity was found to be 14, 13, 12, 10, 6, 5 days and 32%, 58%, 74%, 86%, 56%, 42% respectively (P<0.05). The optimum temperature was found to be 25�C for maximum longevity and emergence of adult.

28

Eco-physiological effects of cadmium chloride on a fresh water fish, Oreochromis mossambicus, Peters under laboratory conditions.

P. K. Behera and A. K. Panigrahi

Pages:

139-144

2018

December

Prevalence, Stool samples, Intestinal parasites.

A some of total 1050 stool samples of human population were examined in two years (August,2011-July, 2013) to identify the prevalence of intestinal parasites at Mhow Tahsil, Indore (M.P.) and India. It has been noticed that out of 1050 samples, 321 (186 Males and 135 Females) were found to be infected with intestinal parasites. The most common intestinal parasites identified were Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lambia and Enterobius vermicularis but other parasitic infections like Ascaris lumbricoides, Taenia species and Ancylostoma duodenale were also observed. The ratio of positive samples was found higher in males than females in Mhow Tahsil area.

29

Studies on the effect of ambient water temperature on haematology of Channa punctatus (Bloch).

Umesh Kumar Sharma and Vijay Kumar

Pages:

137-138

2018

December

Fish diversity, Hazaribag, Piscian population.

The present study has been undertaken to document the Ichthyofauna of Hazaribag district of Jharkhand representing 6 orders, 16 families, 34 genera and 54 species. Fish belonging to order Cypriniformes were dominant with 28 species serially followed by order Perciformes with 11 species, Siluriformes with 10 species, Mastacembliformes with 3 species, Osteoglossiformes and Beloniformes with 1 species in both the orders. The present study on the Ichthyofauna will be useful to protect and conserve the biodiversity of fresh water fishes.

30

Livestock, food security and climate change.

K. Rajagopal Reddy, G. Amaravathi and R. Mallikarjuna Reddy

Pages:

133-136

2018

December

Merit Alpha, Toxicity, Behavioural responses, Opercular beatings, Fish.

In the present work an attempt was made to assess the acute toxicity of Merit Alpha (an organochlorine pesticide) and its impact on behavioural response of a fresh water air breathing fish, Mystus tengara (Ham.). The LC 50 values for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs exposure at 29.0�1.00 for Merit Alpha exposed fishes were - 0.0058, 0.0042, 0.0032 and 0.0020 mg/l respectively. The safe concentration of Merit Alpha was 0.0007 mg/l under the same experimental condition. The mean values of opercular beating decreased gradually with the increasing concentration of Merit Alpha. The behavioural responses of the fish (such as fast opercular beatings for half an hour to one hour, loss of balance, erratic swimming, secretion of copious amount of mucus on the body etc.) of the fish was grossly dependent on concentration and length of exposure.

31

Effect of different variety of mulberry leaves on the development of silk worm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera : Bombycidae) on Mours species.

Nidhi Tripathi, Ramesh Chandra and Jamil Ahamad

Pages:

129-131

2018

December

Thyroid, Thermal tolerance, Heteropneustes fossilis.

In the present work an attempt has been made to study the effect of L-thyroxine and thiouracil on thermal tolerance in an air breathing freshwater siluroid teleost, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). LC values of 50 thermal tolerance of this fish (weighing 28.0�1.2 g) was recorded to be 39.5�0.13�C. The L-thyroxine and thiourea treated animals showed significant increase and decrease respectively in their thermal tolerance. The details of the mechanism have been discussed in this paper.

32

Hormonal regulation of thermal tolerance in a fresh water teleost, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch).

Minakshi Kumari and Vijay Kumar

Pages:

127-128

2018

December

Bombyx mori, Development, Mulberry.

Five different varieties of mulberry leaves viz., AR-2, BR-2, K-2,S-1 and S-146 in laboratory showed that different developmental stages (incubation, Ist, IInd, IIIrd, IVth, Vth, pre-pupa and cocoon) attained significantly (F4, 24= 0.14, 0.13, 0.13, 0.14, 0.10, 0.15, 0.17 and 0.17; p<0.01) shortest period of 7.90�0.123, 3.10�0.078, 2.30�0.127, 3.20� 0.114, 3.60�0.123, 6.20�0.130, 4.80�0.071 and 8.00�0.114 days on mulberry variety S-146 during development. In contrast, the maximum period (F4, 24=0.14, 0.13, 0.13, 0.14, 0.10, 0.15, 0.17 and 0.17; p<0.01 for F4, 24=0.16, 0.13, 0.15, 0.12, 0.15, 0.14, 0.15 and 0.07 of development was observed as 8.80�0.071 days for incubation, 4.00�0.071 days for Ist instar, 3.00�0.055 and 3.10�0.089 days for IInd instar, 4.00�0.114 and days for IIIrd instar, 4.10�0.071 days for IVth instar, 7.80�0.130 days for Vth instar, 5.70�0 days during pre-pupal and 11.00�0.150 days for cocoon period on K-2 variety of mulberry during development.

33

Evaluation of acute toxicity and behavioural responses in Mystus tengara (HAM.) exposed to Merit alpha.

Nisha Kumar

Pages:

125-126

2018

December

Livestock, Climate change, Food security.

It is emphasized that climate change and food security are two emerging issues being faced by people all over the world, particularly those in the developing countries. Many of the developing countries tend to be especially vulnerable to extreme climatic events as they largely depend on climate sensitive sectors like agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry. Food security embraces food production, stability of supply and access to food. Livestock play a role in all these three aspects: they make a significant contribution to food production through the provision of high value protein-rich animal products; they indirectly support crop production through drought power and manure; and finally, they are the most significant source of income and store of wealth for smallholders, thereby providing access to food. In India, livestock provides employment to almost 18 million people of whom 75% are poor. It is said that the poorest of the poor who do not have livestock, if acquire animals, can help start a pathway out of poverty. However, one important negative environmental contribution by livestock is 'methane emission'. India has 485 million livestock, which is 13% of global livestock population. It contributes to about 17% of India's GHG emission in CO equivalent. The GHG emission is mainly from ruminants in the form of methane formed due to enteric 2 fermentation of fibrous feed rich in cellulose. Overgrazing, particularly in dry lands is another negative contribution by livestock in India. This leads to degradation of the marginal lands and thereby cause increase in environmental temperatures. On the other hand, the impact of climate change on livestock is a matter of serious concern as majority of livestock in India are in the hands of the resource poor. Recent studies indicate that the impact of rise in temperature on Indian livestock greatly affects its functions and milk production of indigenous and cross bred cattle & buffaloes. A small rise in temperature negatively impacts growth, reproduction and production thereby affecting food security to millions of rural poor.

34

Ichthyofaunal studies of Hazaribag district, Jharkhand.

Sushma Anand and Md. Noor Alam

Pages:

121-123

2018

December

Temperature, Blood, Channa punctatus (Bloch).

In the present study an attempt has been made to study the effect of ambient water temperature on the blood of an air breathing fish, Channa punctatus. Bl. The fishes were tested at 10�C, 20�C (control) and 30�C. A trend of increase in RBC counts and decrease in packed cell volume (haematocrit) and MCV with increasing temperature was observed but the differences in differnt blood parameters between control and tested groups were statistically nonsignificant (P>0.05), therefore, it can be suggested that the changes in blood components are not associated with fluctuation in water temperature only rather certain other factors seem to be involved in it. The details have been discussed in this paper.

35

Prevalence of intestinal parasites of human population of Mhow Tahsil, Indore (M.P.).

Anshu Jain, Amrita Khatri and Anis Siddiqui

Pages:

117-120

2018

December

Cadmium, Whole body respiration, Tissue slice respiration, Fresh water fish.

All the exposed fish appeared lethargic after exposure to cadmium chloride. The major clinical symptoms such as inappetance and ataxia appeared after 24-48 hours of exposure. At higher concentration of the cadmium chloride, the exposed fish showed erratic movements. The whole body oxygen uptake of the control fish remained at the same level during the entire period of experimentation. The whole body oxygen uptake of the exposed fishes decreased with the increase in exposure period and after 28th days of exposure, the whole body oxygen uptake declined significantly by 71.4% when compared to its control value. Partial recovery by 12.6% and 17.2% was recorded on 14th and 28th day of recovery, when compared to 28th day exposure value. With the increase in exposure period the percent decrease in oxygen uptake increased showing a positive correlation. The ventilation rate of the cadmium chloride exposed fish showed an initial increase followed by significant decrease at higher exposure periods. The O uptake in exposed brain, liver and muscle tissue slices declined on 28th day of exposure where a maximum of 2 50.81%, 71.76% and 72.06% decrease was marked respectively, when compared to the respective control values. Partial insignificant recovery was noted in all the three tissues tested. It may be concluded that cadmium was responsible for the depletion in respiration rate of the exposed fishes.

36

Effect of temperature on development and longevity of Mutant strain (Curled) of Drosophila melanogaster.

Shamim Akhter Choudhary

Pages:

115-116

2018

December

Monocrotophos, Mice, Toxicity, Small intestine.

Pesticides are the chemical compounds widely used on the variety of crops to control the pests for improvement of food production. Monocrotophos is one of the most commonly used organophosphate insecticides in the developing countries like India. The present study investigates the cytotoxicity induced after 24 hours of monocrotophos exposure in the intestine of the Swiss albino male mice. Intestine being the absorptive area of the body and due to its large surface area seems to be the primary site of the exposure for the nutrients and the different xenobiotics including pesticides. Monocrotophos was administered orally in mice at the doses of 1.25 mg/kg, 2.5 mg/kg and 5.0 mg/kg. Many histopathological changes such as degeneration of epithelium and lamina propria, distortion in crypts, degeneration of submucosa with congested, enlarged and folded villi were noticed in the small intestine of the mice in a dose dependent manner. The results of the study showed that monocrotophos have deleterious effects on the intestine of Swiss albino mice.

37

Cholesterol alternation in liver and alimentary canal of fresh water fish, Clarias batrachus, after exposure to carbaryl pesticides.

Parveen Qureshi

Pages:

203-204

2018

December

Atractomorpha crenulata, Gregarine, Ronderosi, Jalna, Marathwada.

The present gregarine species described from Grasshopper Atractomorpha crenulata [Orthoptera : Pyrgmorphinae (subfamily)] by using light microscope on the basis of morphological character and life cycle observation. The present species have been reported for the first time from Atractomorpha crenulata in this region.

38

A comparative study on the susceptibility of some gram varieties to pulse beetle Callosobruchus maculatus Fab.

Archana Kumari and Sangeeta Avasthi

Pages:

199-201

2018

December

Statistical relationship, Dry weight, Protein weight gain, Oxygen uptake, Fish.

In the present work an attempt has been made to study the statistical relationship between dry weight gain (g) and protein weight gain (g) vs. oxygen consumption in a fresh water fish, Channa gachua (Ham.). With unit increase in dry weight and protein weight (g) the oxygen uptake in this fish increased by a fractional power of 0.3927 and 0.5942 (b values or regression coefficient) respectively. The correlation coefficients (r values) were respectively 0.9002 and 0.09727 (p>0.05) indicating very high degree of correlation amongst these parameters. The details have been discussed in this paper.

39

Fish diversity of Wainganga river at Balaghat (M.P.).

Rajendra Singh Kushram and Shivesh Pratap Singh

Pages:

195-198

2018

December

Taxonomic studies, Valipora streptopeliae n.sp., Streptopelia decacto.

The present investigation deals with taxonomical and anatomical observations of species of genus Valipora Linton,1927 of order Dilepididae and family Dilepididaean tapeworm Valipora streptopeliae n.sp. collected from Dove, Streptopelia decacto from Parbhani (M.S.). The present form comes close to all other known valid species of this genus but differs due to some characters as in shape and size of scolex, shape and size of suckers, shape and size of rostellum, number of rostellar hooks; size of mature segments, shape, size and numbers of testes; position of cirrus pouch; vas deferense; shape and size of ovary; position of genital atrium and genital pore; position of vitelline gland; shape and size of gravid segment and shape of the uterus filled with egg capsule.

40

Comparative study of vitamin C & E on gland tissue somatic index of multivoltine silkworm, Bombyx mori, L.

Usha Rani Brahma and Subasini Pattnaik

Pages:

189-193

2018

December

Ichthyofauna, Bori river.

Bori river is seasonal tributary near Shirud village of Dhule. The present icthyofaunal study was done from June,2013-May,2015, for three season's i.e. Monsoon, winter and summer. During the study period altogether 17 fish species belonging 4 families and 5 orders were found in the river. Cypriniformes was the major order had 9 species then by species, Siluriformes 3 species, Synbranchiformes 2 species, Channiformis 2 species and Osteoglossifomes with 1 species.

41

Farm women empowerment in terms of gain in skill in selected animal husbandry technologies related to drudgery reduction.

Neha Tiwari, Rajshree Upadhyay and Aastha Khatri

Pages:

185-187

2018

December

Proximate composition, Calorific values, Body weight, Sex, Fish.

Studies on changes in biochemical composition and calorific values (K.cal/g) in relation to body weight and sex have been made in a fresh water Indian major carp, Labeo rohita (Ham.). There is high statistical correlations between body weight (g) Vs. water, lipid, protein, ash content and calorific values in this fish. The males have lower protein content and calorific values as compared to females but the difference was statistically non-significant. The details have been discussed in this paper.

42

Evaluation of ground water quality of Jalkot village district Osmanabad (M.S.) India.

H. K. Jadhav

Pages:

183-184

2018

December

T.castaneum, Gregarine, Parbhani, confusa, Marathwada.

The present gregarine is described from T.castaneum flour beetles (Coleoptera : Tenebrionidae). This species is reported for the first time from T.castaneum in this region for research work in Gregarina.

43

Ecological studies of gram pod borer Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner).

Anju Tiwari and Shubhada Rahalkar

Pages:

179-181

2018

December

Fish-fauna-Bori-river-Sangvi (Akkalkot).

The present paper deals with the study of fish-faunal diversity in Bori-river at Sangavi (Akkalkot) region. Maharashtra. The study was carried out during the year (January-December,2016) the result of this study shows major 12 species, 5 families from this region. Fishes having economical, Nutritional & medicinal importance. This river having variety and abundance of fresh water fishes.

44

Physico-chemical investigations of ground water quality in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.

Asheesh Kumar and Sachin Bhatt

Pages:

175-178

2018

December

Physico-chemical analysis, Ground water quality.

Water is one of the abundantly available substances in nature and also called and elixir of life. The consequences of water pollution in relation to human health, it is needed for drinking cooking bathing, washing etc. In India hardly 10-12% people get clean drinking water about three million people get affected every year by enteric disease. The rural populations suffer the maximum over 80% population live in rural areas and many of them do not get safe drinking water. Present communication deals physico-chemical assessment of water quality in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. Ground water samples, collected from 20 different sampling locations of Satna district, revealed that pH of all samples was neutral to slight alkaline. Turbidity of all samples was within permissible limit. Total hardness, total dissolve solid, alkalinity, chloride, nitrate, fluoride, sulphate and phosphate were beyond permissible limit in some samples.

45

Fish-faunal diversity in Bori river at Sangavi (Akkalkot) region, Maharashtra, India.

H. K. Jadhav and S. B. Patil

Pages:

173-174

2018

December

Gram pod borer, Population, Abiotic factors.

Population studies of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) moth in light trap indicated the higher trap catches in the month of January followed by March. In the month of February, the moth population was comparatively low. Different weather factors existed during the crop period (maximum, minimum temperature; relative humidity and rainfall) indicate that, temperature and relative humidity had significant effect on increase/ decrease in the moth catches. However, effect of different weather parameters was not consistent. Larvae of Helicoverpa armigera in the crop were remain at low level during first two weeks in the month of January and started increasing from the last week of January. Larval population was in peak in the month of February during both the years (1994-1995 and 1995-1996).

46

Study of Gregarina confusa from T.castaneum, Parbhani dist. Marathwada region (M.S.).

S. R. Sable, V. K. Bansode, S. V. Nikam and T. A. Sontakke

Pages:

169-172

2018

December

Ground water quality, Jalkot, Osmanabad.

The present communication deals with the study of evaluation of ground water quality of Jalkot village Dist-Osmanabad (M.S.). The was carried out during the year2016 (January-December) for are valuation of ground water quality to analyze some physico-chemical parameters such as pH, Conductivity, Dissolved oxygen, Free CO , 2 Total hardness, Total alkalinity, Chloride, Salinity and Total dissolved solids etc. All the values of samples found higher than the normal value.

47

Studies on some aspects of proximate composition in Indian major carp, Labeo rohita (Ham.).

Azim Husaain and Parwez Ahmad

Pages:

165-167

2018

December

Technological empowerment, Farm women, Drudgery reduction tech., Moving stool, Training and skill.

The present study was conducted in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the study was to assess the technological empowerment of farm women in terms of gain in skill in selected drudgery reduction technologies related to agriculture. The 100 farm women were covered for technological empowerment through training from two purposively selected Panchayat Samities. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. The findings of the study reveal that the initially very few respondents (4%) could handle the rake correctly before exposure of training. The post training data indicated tremendous gain in skill as majority of the respondents were able to use all the selected animal husbandry technologies as shown by MPS ranging between 84.6-91.0. Intervention further improved skill as most of the respondents gained skill in correctly handling the technologies as indicated by MPS of 94.3-97.0.

48

Icthyofaunal diversity in Bori river of Dhule district (M.S.).

S. A. Patil and A. T. Kalse and D. R. Patil

Pages:

163-164

2018

December

Silkworm, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Body weight, Gland weight, Silk gland, Tissue somatic index.

Sericulture has the high commercial value has gained popularity and is getting expanded to most of the states of the country. By viewing its importance M6DPC one larval variety of silkworms was taken for the experiment. It was observed that with the application of vitamin-C in the food supplement, the body weight and gland weight increased, when compared to control. The tissue somatic index also increased significantly indicating the necessity of vitamin C requirement, as the nutritional status of the host leaf declined due to environmental alternations. From this observation, it can be concluded that vitamin C supplement in the food is required for better body growth of the larvae and silk gland and this vitamin C should be only given for 2nd days and not more than that, as higher doses lower the body weight and silk gland weight and TSI in the exposed larvae. Vitamin E application to the host leaf did not give a positive result. Rather the body weight, silk gland tissue weight and gland tissue somatic index of vitamin E exposed larvae decreased when compared to control and significantly depleted when compared to vitamin C exposed larvae. The data showed a typical increment in the body weight, gland weight and tissue somatic index during the developmental period in both control and vitamin E exposed larvae. But from the observed data, it was not possible to recommend vitamin E supplement in the food as all important parameters decreased, after application of vitamin E, when compared to control and vitamin C.

49

Taxonomic studies on a new species of the genus Valipora Linton,1927 (Eucestoda : Dilepididae) from Streptopelia decato at Parbhani (M.S.).

S. B. Pawar, G. P. Jadhav, D. H. Pawar and Ishrat Parveen

Pages:

159-161

2018

December

Fish diversity, Wainganga river, Fish richness.

In the present ichthyofaunal study, a total of 61 fish species belonging to 17 families, 7 orders and 29 genera were recorded during December,2015-November,2017 from the Wainganga river at Balaghat of Madhya Pradesh. On the basis of percentage composition and species richness, order Cypriniforme was dominant (29 species) followed by Siluriformes (17 species), Perciformes (7 species), Synbranchiformes (4 species), Clupeiformes, Beloniformes and Osteoglossifromes were with only 1 species.

50

Studies on some aspects of bioenergetics in a fresh water air breathing fish, Channa gachua (Ham.) : Dry weight gain Vs. oxygen consumption.

Vineet Kumar and Vijay Kumar

Pages:

155-157

2018

December

Callosobruchus maculatus Fab., Susceptibility, F1 progeny, Growth index, Gram varieties.

Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) is the most important and cosmopolitan pest not only for gram varieties but also on other several pulses. Severe losses are noted both in the field and storage due to pulse beetle. Damage is quite variable and also depends on varieties of pulse grains. Sometimes even up to 100% loss occurs in more susceptible variety in pest attack. Present study was carried on, to investigate the susceptibility of nine gram varieties viz. KWR-108, RSG-44, KGD-1252, DCP 92-3, KPM-236, KGD-1247, KPM-248, SLR-21, KGD-1168 to pulse beetle. Callosobruchus maculatus Fab. Susceptibility was assessed on the basis of growth index; F progeny and index of 1 susceptibility. Result indicated that the variety with lower growth index had lower F progeny and also lower index of 1 susceptibility and vice versa. The variety KPM-236 was found least resistant against C.maculates Fab. with maximum growth index (6.20), maximum F progeny (62.78) and maximum index of susceptibility (7.89), while DCP 92-3 was 1 found most resistant with minimum growth index (3.50), F progeny (10.41) and index of susceptibility (3.11).

51

Study of Gregarina ronderosi (Apicompexa : Gregarinidae) in the grasshopper Atractomorpha crenulata from the vicinity of Jalna district Marathwada region.

S. R. Sable, V. K. Bansode, S. V. Nikam and S. B. Ambhore

Pages:

151-154

2018

December

Hygienist, Intoxic, Contaminate, Manifest, Diminish.

Fishes are very sensitive to the changes in their aquatic environment. For this reason they are known as the bio indicator species to monitor the water pollution. Carbonates pesticides are widely used amidst various group of pesticide in intensive agricultural practices to protect the crops from various pest and disease owing to their high insecticidal property, low mammalian toxicity, low persistence and rapid biodegradability in the ecosystem. Present study indicates that pesticide exposure may also fatal to many non-target organism like fish where it hampers its health through impairment of metabolism, occasionally leading to the death of fish.

52

Studies on microflora of probiotic good foods.

Mohammad Shahid Masroor, Shagufta Parween and Mohammad Salim

Pages:

209-214

2018

December

Toxicology, Lead, Toxicity, Growth, BGA.

Complete bleaching of the algal mass was observed from 3rd day of exposure period onwards in the exposed set when compared to control algal cells. Gradually tiny blue-green particles started making their appearance in the white turbid mass as observed in the naked eye after 15th-20th days of recovery period. The maximum allowable concentration (MAC) recorded for this alga for 15th days exposure was 0.33 mg l-1. The LC value was 0.51 mg l-1, the 10 LC value was 0.76 mg l-1, LC value was 1.14 mg l-1 and LC value was 1.26 mg l-1, for this particular alga, Anabaena 50 90 100 cylindrica. The control set showed 100% survival through out the experimental periods. Out of the select concentrations, safe MAC value of 0.33 mg l-1 was selected as 'A'; LC or PS of 0.76 mg l-1 was selected as 'B' and LC 50 50 90 or PS value of 1.14 mg l-1 was selected as 'C' for conducting future experiments. The optical density value increased 10 from 0.024-0.118 on 15th day of exposure in the control set. The optical density value in case of set 'A' increased from 0.024-0.116 on 15th day of exposure when compared to inoculation day value but when compared to the control set value on 15th day of exposure, optical density showed an insignificant decrease. In optical density study the "A" concentration value was more than the control value on all days of exposure except on 15th day of exposure where a lower value was recorded. In case of "B" concentration the value increased to 0.072 on 15th day of exposure. All the values were less than the control set. Where as, in case of 'C', the optical density value initially increased from 0.024- 0.031 on 9th day and than the value decreased with the increase on exposure period. A maximum decrease by 1.7%, 39% and 73.7% was recorded on 15th day of exposure when compared to the control value in case of concentration A, B and C, respectively. The dry weight increased from 1.14�0.4 mg-14.14�0.7 mg on 15th day of exposure in the control set. At conc.-A, the dry weight increased from 1.14�0.4 mg-3.2�1.1 mg on 3rd day of exposure and the dry weight further increased to 13.2�0.9 mg on 15th day of exposure. At conc.-B, the dry weight increased on 15th day of exposure when compared to control. At conc.-C, the dry weight decreased significantly on 15th day of exposure when compared to the control value.

53

Impact of lead on the toxicity & growth of a blue green alga and its ecological implications.

Nibedita Padhy and A. K. Panigrahi

Pages:

205-208

2018

December

Probiotics, Probiotic good bacteria, Lactic Acid Bacteria, Bifidobacteria.

The various kind of food substances containing probiotic good bacteria like Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and Bifidobacteria have been used up for centuries. People use them frequently as a natural resource to promote good health even without knowing of their active ingredients or how they work. Since, the benefits of some of these good bacteria are now well documented; the present paper is an attempt to summarize the existing knowledge on the scope of probiotics in the light of recent researches carried out so far.

54

Participatory observation of ethno-medicinal practices by the tribes of Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh.

Rashmi Singh, Praveen Koushley and Suhel Khan

Pages:

243-247

2018

December

Zingiberaceae, Zingiber officinale, Zingiber zerumbet, Darjeeling Himalaya, India.

Present paper deals with medicinal uses of two taxa i.e., Zingiber officinale Rosc. and Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Roscoe ex Sm. of (Zingiberaceae) from Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal with vernacular names, protologue references, taxonomic notes, altitudinal range, phenology, availability status, local and general distribution.

55

Two taxa of Phyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae) : Used as important herbal medicine.

Adani Lokho and Rajendra Yonzone

Pages:

239-241

2018

December

Peroxidase, Poly phenol oxidase, Bipolaris oryzae.

The pot culture studies were undertaken to investigate the changes of total phenol and O.D. phenol compound in rice as influenced by application of Zinc sulphate and foliar application of salicylic acid and Potassium silicate and Brown spot pathogen Bipolaris oryzae inoculation. The results revealed that Soil application of Zinc sulphate @ 25 kg/ha along with foliar application of plant activator salicylic acid @ 50 ppm on 15th days after transplanting and foliar spray of silicon based nutrient potassium silicate @ 3% recorded the minimum disease incidence and maximum biometrics of rice. Also, the results revealed that the same treatment increased activity of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activity due to treatment with combined application of resistance inducing chemical, macro-micro nutrient, silicon based nutrient and pathogen alone inoculated control when compared to comparison fungicide and control treatments.

56

Studies on microbial biopollutions with special reference to the flora of nosocomial infections.

Mohammad Shahid Masroor, Shagufta Parween and Mohammad Salim

Pages:

233-237

2018

December

Orchidaceae, Peristylus, Taxonomic notes, Medicinal uses.

Present paper deals with taxonomic notes with medicinal uses, phenology, updated nomenclature, altitudinal range, geographical distribution with synonyms and photographs of two taxa of Peristylus Bl. (Orchidaceae), are provided in details.

57

Preliminary phyto-chemical investigation and quantification of active phyto-chemical compounds of Oroxylum indicum (L.) vent-leaf.

Veerendra Rajak, Vandana Pathak, Pushpendra Shukla and Manoj Tripathi

Pages:

227-232

2018

December

Fungal diseases, Ornamental plants, Jasminum, Marigold, Nyctanthes, Rose.

A survey of leaf spot diseases of some ornamental plants from Aurangabad district was undertaken during the years2015-2017. During the survey it was observed that leaf spot of Jasminum sambac was caused by Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler, leaf spot of Nyctanthes arbour-trisis was caused by Alternaria nyctanthi Deshpande and Rajderkar, leaf spots of Rosa indica was caused by Diplocarpon rosae Wolf and Alternaria alternata (fr.) Keissler and leaf spot of Tagetes erecta was caused by Alternaria tagetica Shome and Mustafee. These diseases are described in this paper.

58

Fungal leaf spot diseases of some ornamental plants from Aurangabad district.

S. V. Arak and R. J. Sawant

Pages:

223-225

2018

December

Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical, Fluorescence, HPTLC, Active phyto-chemical.

Oindicum (L.) Vent (Family : Bignoniaceae) is a medicinally important plant found in India, Sri Lanka, China, Thailand, Philippines and Indonesia. It is also called Sonapatha for its properties. In India, plant parts are used in several ayurvedic preparations like Dasamoolarista and Chyawanprash. Traditionally, the various parts of the tree have been used as snake bite, anemia, alopecia, leprosy and ulcers, constipitation and ulcer etc. Therefore the aim of the present study is to carry out detailed pharmacognostical evaluation of leaves of the Sonapatha. The pharmacognostical evaluation comprises of microscopy, fluorescence analysis and physico-chemical constants such as loss on drying, extractive values and ash values. The preliminary phytochemical evaluation shows the presence or absence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins, resins, flavonoids, saponins and tannins. HPTLC fingerprints profile shows the presence of various active phytochemicals present in the samples and also quantitative active phytochemicals ferulic acid and linoleic acid estimation were done. The data obtained in the present study will serve as valuable tool for identification, authentication, and detection of adulteration, standardization and quality control of the drug.

59

Taxonomic notes with medicinal uses of two taxa of Peristylus BL. (Orchidaceae).

Rajendra Yonzone and Adani Lokho

Pages:

221-222

2018

December

Microbial biopollutnats, Hospital flora, Bacteria, Opportunistic fungi, Nosocomial infections.

The nosocomial infections are acquired unknowingly by patients admitted in hospitals during the course of treatment and it is all due to the microbial biopollutions of the hospital environment in the form of susceptible and resistant microorganisms. These opportunistic infections are caused by microorganisms that normally do not cause serious diseases in healthy people and may occur in individuals whose immune systems are impaired or compromised in some or other way. Several harmful bacteria and fungi have been reported. The most common harmful bacteria isolated from the hospital environment of People's Medical College, Bhopal are Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Pseudomonas, Escherichia Klebsiella, Clostridium and Pneumococcus. And, the fungi being reported are Aspergillus, Penicillium, Mucor, Rhizopus, Fusarium, Neurospora and the yeast Candida. The present work deals with the study of those microorganisms that cause medical biopollutions with special reference to nosocomial infections in human.

60

Changes in peroxidase and poly phenol oxidase content of rice ver. ADT 36 as influenced by application of integrated approaches and Bipolaris oryzae inoculation.

V. Jaiganesh and L. Vengadesh Kumar

Pages:

217-220

2018

December

Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthus emblica, Phyllanthus fraternus, Herbal Medicine.

Present paper deals with two taxa of Phyllanthus spp. i.e., Phyllanthus emblica L. and Phyllanthus fraternus Webster (Euphorbiaceae) used as important herbal medicine with updated protologue references, vernacular names, brief taxonomic enumeration, phenology and geographical distribution in details.

61

Ethnomedicinal uses of two taxa of Zingiberaceae in Darjeeling Himalaya of India.

Rajendra Yonzone and Adani Lokho

Pages:

215-216

2018

December

Ethno-medicine, Medicinal Plants, Tribal people, Gond, Baiga, Balaghat, Madhya Pradesh.

Ethno-botanical study on traditional medicinal plants was conducted from May to December,2018 in Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh and documented different types of traditional medicinal plants used by the indigenous peoples. The study was focused on identifying medicinal plants, disease treated, part of the plant used, methods of preparation of drug, administration of drug etc. The data was collected using interview and questionnaires by selecting 21 traditional healers using sampling method. A total of 68 medicinal plant species were collected and identified from the study area for treating various human aliments. The paper enumerates these medicinal plant species belonging to 39 families.

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