Year: 2017, Issue: June

1

Structural and functional characterization of j-binding protein in Leishmania major and Trypanosoma brucei.

Mayank Rashmi, D. Swati and Manoj Kumar Yadav

Pages:

01-04

2017

June

Structural modeling, Residue-residue contact, Sequence alignment, Docking

The DNA of kinetoplastid like Leishmania and Trypanosoma, thymine (T) base is modified into Dglucosyl- hydroxy-methyluracil (base J). The J-binding protein (JBP) plays a crucial role in conversion of base T into base J. In this study, comparison of JBP is done at both : the sequence and structural level in both the species in order to examine the possibility of a common drug target. Several tools and bio-informatics approaches have been used for the three-dimensional structural modeling, validation of modeled structures, sequence and structural alignment, R-R contact propensity and docking of JBP with modeled DNA. The protein sequences are modeled by the ModWeb server by using 2XSE as a template. More than 95% residues are fallen into allowed region of modeled structures of JBP of both the species. So these structures are used in the further analysis. The sequence of JBP of L.major and T.bucei are not identical but it these are much similar at the structural level. The L.major is much similar with template than the T.brucei. In the conservation profile. Residue-residue contact propensity is higher in L.major than T.brucei. The JBP of both the species shows more or less similar pattern of interaction with the thymine base present in the telomeric sequences. Subsequently these thymine bases are modified during the binding process. The interaction may be check by performed mutation on the thymine. On the basis of structural similarity and interaction with DNA, it might be used as a common drug target for drug design in both the species.

2

In vitro efficacy of Trichoderma against anthracnose of Saraca asoca.

M. R. Chakraborty

Pages:

05-08

2017

June

Anthracnose, Colletotrichum, Saraca, Trichoderma spp.

Biological control of anthracnose disease of Saraca asoca caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was made with the application of antagonistic agents like Trichoderma viride, T.harzianum, T.lignorum, T.hamatum and T.koningii. The effect of volatile and non-volatile antibiotics of Trichoderma origin on growth inhibition of the anthracnose pathogen was studied T.harzianum showed maximum growth inhibition of the pathogen through mycoparasitism and the non-volatiles produced by the same agent exhibited its excellent antagonism to the growth of the pathogen (100%) under in vitro condition and that the effect was also proved to be durable.

3

Floristic analysis and phenological behaviour of weeds of rice crop of Bilaspur (C.G.).

Snehal Moghe and Veenapani Dubey

Pages:

09-12

2017

June

Weeds, Rice, Echinochloa colonum, Phenology.

A survey of weed flora of rice crop fields was done during 2011-2015 at the peak point of weed growth around Bilaspur selecting Sakari, Domuhani and Birkona as study sites. Data was analyzed floristically and it was found that weed flora of rice field was distributed in 50 species of seed plants belonging to 13 dicoct and 03 monocot families. One Pteridophyte was also reported. Dicoct/Monocot ratio was 4.33:1 for rice weed flora. Seasonal variations in various phenological events of these weeds were also observed and expressed in terms of phenograms.

4

Impact of zinc oxide nanoparticles of pathogenic bacteria.

S. Gaherwal, Anamika Jaiswal, M. M. Prakash and Netram Yadav

Pages:

13-16

2017

June

Nanoparticles, E.coli, S.typhi, S.aureus.

This study was aimed to synthesize the Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) and to investigate its antibacterial activity against different bacteria. NP was synthesized by water medium method. The characterization of nanoparticles (NPs) was done by XRD and FTIR method. Antibacterial activity was investigated by disc diffusion and well diffusion method. It was found that synthesized ZnONPs showed antibacterial activity in the form of zone of inhibition. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) dissolved in three different solvent like water, N-Hexane, 70% Ethanol. All three different solvent with Zinc oxide nanoparticles showed the zone of inhibition against bacteria studied - E.coli, S.typhi and S.aureus. Maximum zone of inhibition was observed in 0.5 gm con. of ZnONPs in 70% ethanol against S.typhi. Minimum zone of inhibition was observed in 0.1 gm con. of ZnONPs in water against E.coli and S.arureus. Zone of inhibition was observed increased with increase in concentration of ZnONPs. Results of present study may be use in the development of antibiotic treatment against different bacterial infections.

5

Some ethno-medicinal plants of family Verbenaceae in Bankura district, West Bengal.

Arpita Banerjee and Arijit Sinhababu

Pages:

17-19

2017

June

Bankura, Ethno-medicinal plants, Verbenaceae, Tribals.

Use of different plants for medicinal purpose is very common among the tribal communities of various regions of West Bengal. Tribal people mainly possess immense knowledge of varieties of plants, and they depend on herbal medicines for curing various diseases. The present research paper documented some medicinal plants belongs to family Verbenaceae with ethno-medicinal property. A total of 16 plant species belonging to 12 genus were reported from our study area. Which are being used frequently and over the years by tribals of Bankura districts for their health care. The present finding support further investigation into nutritional profits, pharmacological prospects and conservational studies.

6

Medicinally valuable plants from sacred groves of Jabalpur forest division (Madhya Pradesh).

Ruby Rai Duggal, S. K. Masih and R. P. Mishra

Pages:

21-25

2017

June

Sacred groves, Medicinal plants.

Sacred groves are protected forest patches dedicated to local gods and goddess by the tribal, forest dwellers and conservation their ethics values with taboos with their tradition. These small forest patches play an important role in conservation and protection of their in and adjoining biodiversity. The survey work carried out in existing sacred groves of Jabalpur forest division and an inventory has been made with reference to plant species having medicinal importance. The 164 plant species representing 71 families are recorded with their uses for treatment of various common ailments like skin disorders, ulcer, cough, cold, rheumatism, bronchitis and fever etc.

7

AMF symbiosis in forest species plantations and its relationship with major soil nutrients inentisol soil of Bilaspur (C.G.).

Atul Kumar Bhardwarj and K. K. Chandra

Pages:

27-32

2017

June

AMF colonization, Tree Plantation, Entisol, Spore density, Soil nutrient.

The present study was conducted to investigate the AMF root colonization in Albizia lebbeck, Azadirachta indica, Dalbergia sissoo, Delonix regia, Eucalyptus globulus, Millettia pinnata, Peltophorum ferrugineum, Phyllanthus indica and Terminalia arjuna and its relationship with physio-chemical properties of entisol soil after 26 years of plantation age. All trees found to increase nutrients, pH and OC compared to unplanted soil, and colonized by AMF, however, a significant variations were existed between tree species plantations at P=0.05. Mean root colonization was ranged lowest 30% in A.indica to highest 62% in D.sissoo and T.arjuna. Similarly P.ferrugineum harbor maximum spore population (128�7.15) whereas only 35 spore/100g soil recorded under E.globulus. Soil pH of entisol found between 6.59 to 6.71, whereas OC between 0.27% to 0.56% under different tree plantations. Available N estimated maximum 129 kg/ha under D.regia and minimum 111 kg/ha under A.indica. The N was observed in low range while P and K were found at medium range in the red entisol soil. Pearson correlation between AMF root colonization and soil attributes found positive for spore density (r = 0.507), available N (r = 0.026) and Potassium (r = 0.261) while negative relation observed with pH (r = -0.072), OC (r = -.0.094) and available Phosphorus (r = 0.-255) respectively. Individually, significant variations existed among species in all parameters, which indicated nutrient dependent regulation of AM colonization according to needs of plants and its supply from soil.

8

Botanical management of Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing die-back of Cycas.

M. R. Chakraborty

Pages:

33-35

2017

June

Botryodiplodia, Cycas, Lasiodiplodia, Plant extracts.

Cycas circinalis Linn. is dioecious gymnosperm belongs to the family Cycadaceae. Die-back disease of Cycas was noticed in and around Burdwan from 2011 and the causal organism was identified as Lasiodiplodia theobromae. The antifungal potential of ten locally available plants was evaluated against the die-back pathogen of Cycas. Different plant parts such as leaf, stem bulb, rhizome etc of these plants were selected and their efficacies were tested in in vitro experiments. Extract of Azadirachta leaf recorded maximum inhibition of growth of pathogen followed by Allium sativum bulb extract. Cassia tora leaves showed minimum inhibition. The inhibitory effect of these botanicals increased with increasing concentration. The result suggested that extract of Azadirachta could act as an effective antifungal agent which minimize the disease incidence in the present day eco-friendly farming system.

9

Floristic and taxonomic accounts of Euglenophyceae from Churu region of Rajsthan (India).

G. K. Barupal and G. S. Meghwal

Pages:

37-40

2017

June

Euglenophyceae, Churu region, Taxonomy, Euglena, Lepocinclis, Phacus.

The present investigation was carried out to study the taxonomic description of Euglenophycean diversity from 10 different sites of Churu region of Rajasthan. A total fourteen taxa of family Euglenaceae and Phacaceae were reported during the January,2013-December,2014. Of these, three taxa of Euglenophyceae (Euglena spirogyra, Phacus tortus and Phacus longicauda var. longicauda) were recorded for the first time in this region.

10

An overview of suicidal reproduction.

Mohammad Salim, Mohammad Shahid Masroor and Shagufta Parween

Pages:

41-43

2017

June

Semelparity, Suicidal reproduction, Suicidal sex, Big-bang reproduction.

Suicidal reproduction is an interesting phenomenon found in semelparous plants and animals. This is also known as big-bang reproduction. The semelparous organisms reproduce only once in their lives and then die. Why do these semelparous organisms die immediately after reproducing while others live onto reproduce repeatedly has been a matter of discussion since long. The present review discusses the fate of suicidal reproduction in the light of recent researches available so far.

11

Use of vegetable wastes as vermicompost.

Monika Dhagat, Pragya Agrawal and Ranu Singh

Pages:

45-47

2017

June

Vermicompost, Municipal wastes, Cow dung, NPK value.

Municipal wastes are mainly received from domestic, commercial and contain recyclable toxin substances, compostable organic matters, etc. With the rapid increase in population, the generation of municipal solid wastes increased during last few years. Disposal of solid wastes can be done by methods like land filling, incineration, recycling, and conversion into biomass, disposable into sea and composting. Vermicomposting is one of the recycling technologies, which will improve the quality of product. The present study aims to find out the possibility of utilization of vegetable wastes for vermiculture. In this study, compost obtained from vegetables mixed with cow dung shows higher NPK values. Vermicomposting is an effective approach for nutrient recovery of urban green wastes.

12

Luisia zeylanica Lindl. (Orchidaceae) : A less known medicinal orchid from Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India.

Rajendra Yonzone

Pages:

48-48

2017

June

Orchidaceae, Luisia zeylanica, Medicinal uses, Darjeeling, Himalaya, India

Present paper deals with less known medicinal orchid species Lusia zeylanica Lindl. Orchidaceae from Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal,India. The species has been described with specimen examined, altitudinal range, phenology, present availability status, local distribution within Darjeeling, geographical distribution and medicinal uses in the present communication.

13

Bulbophyllum lobbii Lindl. and B.penicillium Parish & RCHB. F. (Orchidaceae) : New distributional records for Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India.

Rajendra Yonzone

Pages:

49-50

2017

June

Orchidaceae, Bulbophyllum lobbii, B.penicillium, New records, Darjeeling Himalaya, India.

Bulbophyllum lobbii Lindl. and B.penicillium Parish & Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) are reported as two new records for Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India. Detailed morphological features, phenology, updated nomenclature, current status and photographs of taxa are provided.

14

Designed diet mediated alleviation of haemoglobin level and health status of anaemic patients.

Smriti Bajpai, Vivek Choudhary, Aruna Kumar Tripathy and Gopal Krishna Sahu

Pages:

51-54

2017

June

Anaemia, Body mass index, Diet, Haemoglobin.

Anaemia is the most common disorder of the blood characterized by reduction in hameglobin level. The disease can be treated through the administration of various drugs. Dietary changes are considered one of the treatments for anaemia. In this work the effect of designed diet on the haemoglobin level and health status of anaemic subjects has been studied. One group of anaemic subjects was treated with only drug and the second group was treated with prescribed drug as well as designed diet simultaneously. The body mass index of drug treated subjects increased from low to normal in case of 17% of the subjects after 60th days treatment where as the BMI shifted to normal value in case of 61% of subjects treated with drug and diet simultaneously. The haemoglobin level of 49% drug treated subjected increased (mean concentration 8.12 g/dl) after 60th days treatment. However, in case of both drug and diet treated subjects the haemoglobin level increased to normal range (mean concentration 10.24 g/dl) in case of 78% subjects after the same period of treatment. Thus the findings of these studies on various health aspects and the effect of diet on elevation of Hb level warrants a screening programme for identifying the anaemic person belonging to various socio-economic groups and the identified anaemic persons may be recommended the designed diet to bring the level of haemoglobin to non-anaemic level.

15

Effect of potato starch at different concentration on the dynamic visco elastic behaviour (DVB) profile of Surimi from Indian oil sardine (Sardinella logiceps).

L. Ganesh Prasad and S. Vijayakumar

Pages:

55-58

2017

June

Potato starch, DVB profile, Surimi, Indian oil sardine.

Surimi is a separated fish flesh, water washed, mixed with cryoprotectants, frozen and frozen stored. The purpose of adding cryoprotectants is to minimise freeze denaturation rate in myofibrillar proteins during frozen storage. Sucrose and sorbitol are widely used cryoprotectants in commercial surimi production. As sucrose and sorbitol impart sweetish taste to end product, many alternate cryoprotectants are being attempted in surimi production. Starch from different sources could be one of the alternatives because of it's hydrophilic nature. In the present investigation fresh Indian oil sardine (Sardinella longiceps) have been used to prepare surimi. The water washing of mince was carried out for five times with fish to water ratio being 1:3. The dewatering of the washed mince was achieved by basket centrifuge. Starch from corn, tapioca and potato at 2%, 5% and 9% (W/W) was mixed separately to the dewatered mince and frozen at -35�C and stored at -20�C surimi without starch served as control. The frozen sample was drawn periodically and assessed for hydrodynamic and rheological properties.

16

Therapeutic management of Babesiosis in kids : A case report.

C. Bhuyan, S. Sathapathy, S. K. Joshi, D. Mohanty and I. Ali

Pages:

59-60

2017

June

Therapeutic, Management, Babesiosis, Kids.

Two months old cow calf (kids) of each sex (male weighing 4 kg and female weighing 3 kg) were presented with the complaint of fever, weakness, depression, anorexia and red coloured urine. Further, the haematological studies had confirmed the case of Babesiosis (Red water disease). The disease is tick transmitted and distributed worldwide. The major economic impact of Babesiosis is on the cattle industry and the two most important species in cattle, Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina.

17

Taxonomic study of Gerris adelaidis Dohrn in Gerridae (Hemiptera : Heteroptera).

Mamta Kumari and Sushil Kumar

Pages:

61-64

2017

June

Amphibiocorises, Gerris adelaidis, Gerrinae, Gerridae, Predacious.

The genus Gerris was first described by Fabricius (1794) and previously recorded from Ceylon by Dohrn (1860). It was recorded from Burma, Malaya, Thailand and China and was also recorded from Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Rajasthan in India. It is a world wide distributed genus of sub family Gerrinae Leach,1815 of family Gerridae Leach,1815. The Gerridae is an important family of suborder Heteroptera. The family Gerridae is at present known by 9 sub families viz., Rhagadotasinae, Trepobatinae, Halobatinae, Ptilomerinae, Cylindrostethinae, Charmatometrinae, Eotrechinae and Gerrinae. This genus is represented in India by 7 species. It is very common in stagnant water of ponds and lakes. The genus Gerris is easily recognized due to intersegmental suture between mesonotum and metanotum laterally continuous with metathoracic spiracle. Metathoracic spiracle located very close to lateral margin of pronoutm. The female genitalia is well developed. Gerris adelaidis Dohrn was selected as the standard gerrid for the present study of morphological characters of taxonomic importance of the Gerridae.

18

Potential impact of Inula racemosa, Cichorium intybus and Mantisalca duriaeri against Plutella xylostella Linn. (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae).

Manish Kumar, R. C. Tripathi and B. S. Chandel

Pages:

65-69

2017

June

Diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella, Inula recemosa, Mantisalca duriaei

Experiments were conducted to test the insecticidal properties of selected asteraceous botanicals viz.; Chromolaena odorata Linn., Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (trev.) Vis.) (flower), Cichorium intybus, Inula racemosa Hook. f (root), Mantisalca duriaei (Spach) Briq. Et. Cavill against 3rd instar, 24 hrs starved larvae of Diamond back moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella Linn. under laboratory trials. For the testing to obtained the mean mortality percent of treated larvae, three treatments were done and each treatment with three replications were introduced. Three concentrations of all selected extract with 0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0% and one untreated control were tested against larvae of P.xylostella were tested by dry film technique under the laboratory experiments. The mortality of P.xylostella was recorded, when exposed to the mustard leaves treated with three concentrations (0.50%, 1.0% and 2.0%) of each treatment. The number of larvae in each petridish was recorded in the basis of percentage reduction of the larvae at the interval of 6, 12 and 24 hours respectively. The highest larval mortality percentage was recorded in 2.0%, extract of I.recemosa (74.26%) followed by C.intybus (68.83%). This paper deals with the eco-friendly effectiveness of various asteraceous plant extracts against P.xylostella and their possible integration into modern IPM programs.

19

Assessment of haematological parameters in albino rat on exposure to air pollution in Indore city.

Ruchi Tiwari and Meena Khare

Pages:

71-73

2017

June

Hematological parameters, Air pollution, Albino rat.

An attempt has been made to assess the alteration in hematological parameters in albino rat on exposure to air pollution in three different studied regions viz.; Kothari Market (Commercial), Sanver Road (Industrial) and Vijayanagar (Residential) of Indore city during May-June and July-August (2014). The Hemoglobin (g/dl), RBCs count (x106/?L) and Blood platelets (x103/?L) was found to be decreases (P<0.01%) whereas, increased values (P<0.01%) of WBCs count (x103/?L) were noticed in all these three different studied regions of Indore city during May-June and July-August (2014). The results of present investigation were expressed as mean and standard deviation and; the significance level between the means of control and the experimental groups were checked by Student's t-test. Results indicate that pollution level elevated in Indore city which may produce adverse effect on human life.

20

Surgical management of a pregnant cow having calf affected by Arthrogryposis congenita : A case report.

C. Bhuyan, S. Sathapathy, S. K. Joshi, S. S. Biswal and I. Ali

Pages:

75-76

2017

June

Surgical, Management, Arthrogryposis congenital, Pregnant, Cow.

A crossbred jersey cow of four and half years of age was presented with the complaint of dystocia with baffling history of breeding. Immediate stabilization and caesarean section was carried out to save the life of patient. After delivery of the dead calf it was found that it was affected by the Arthrogryposis congenita.

21

Management of broiler chicks affected by inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) infection : A case study.

C. Bhuyan, S. Sathapathy, S. K. Joshi, D. Mohanty and I. Ali

Pages:

77-79

2017

June

Management, Chicks, Inclusion body hepatitis.

A postmortem examination was conducted on six birds of about 16th days old brought from a farm located in the Badapada region of Kendrapada district of Odisha. The gross observation showed no lesions except enlarged abdomen due to presence of fluid. The postmortem findings revealed that the liver was congested and enlarged with fibrinous deposits on it which also affected the heart. There was presence of a pseudo membrane over the liver and depositions of urate crystals were found in the kidneys. Subsequently, the liver tissue was collected and processed for histopathological examination. The study revealed the presence of intra nuclear inclusion bodies in the hepatocytes, which confirmed the cases of Inclusion Body Hepatitis (IBH) in the chicken.

22

Benefits of Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana gained by rural women of Udaipur district.

Akansha Kharkwal and Snehlata Maheshwari

Pages:

81-84

2017

June

Pradhan Matri Jan Dhan Yojana, Rural women.

The study was conducted in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan to find the knowledge and benefits gained by rural women from Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana and problems faced by them in gaining benefits of the scheme. A sample of 100 rural women was selected randomly for the present study from four villages namely Dhar, Kathar, Madar and Mathatha from the Badgaon panchayat samiti of Udaipur, Rajasthan. Personal interview method was used for data collection. Frequency, percentage, mean percent scores and mean weighted scores were used for analysis of the data. Findings reveal that the respondents possessed good knowledge about Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) with MPS 66.6. Regarding the benefit of PMJDY gained by the rural women, it was found that the benefit of Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana was gained 36% of the respondents. Study of problems experienced by rural women in gaining benefits of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana reveals that the respondents faced the problems like unavailability of benefit on time, lots of formalities, lack of interest of bank employees and problem in seeking benefit in the name of women to high extent with MPS ranging between 2.6-2.9.

23

Dominancy of cat fishes in Khanwari pond of district Kaushambi (U.P.).

Ashok Kumar Verma and Shri Prakash

Pages:

85-87

2017

June

Cat fishes, Fish families, Orders, Khanwari pond, Conservation status, Dominancy, Diversity.

In order to study the occurrence and diversity of fishes in naturally occurring perennial pond of Khanwari village of district Kaushambi, a twelve months systematic survey was conducted in the year2015. As a result of this survey, a total of 28 species of fishes belonging to 19 genera, 15 families and 8 orders were identified. Out of these 28 species recorded, 11 species were recognized as cat fishes, some of them come under IUCN list. The fishes collected and identified belong to Cyprinidae, Bagridae, Siluridae, Clariidae, Ophiocephalidae, Notopteridae, Saccobranchidae, Schilbeidae, Gobiidae, Anabantidae, Osphronemidae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, Belonidae and Mastacembeleidae families.

24

Diversity of avian fauna of Dumna nature park, Jabalpur (M.P.).

K. K. Dubey, Shivam Dubey and Rita Bhandari

Pages:

89-90

2017

June

Avian fauna diversity, Dumna nature park.

Bird's diversity important for endangered ecosystems because birds are good indicator species and their presence could give clues about the overall health of these systems. In the present study richness, abundance, ecosystem of Dumna Nature Park in Jabalpur (M.P.). The avian diversity of Narmada valley and its surrounding areas at Jabalpur district was studied for a period of two years during January-December,2016. This area inhabits many residential and migratory bird species. In the present survey reported 56 species of birds belonging to 10 families. The great variety of different types of plants, availability of food in different seasons, agricultural land, water availability in surrounding areas were favorable conditions for birds to nesting and survival in this area. The study determines various species of birds which will help in preparing a list for the evaluation and comparison of possible changes regarding the bird fauna in the future and provide measures for their conservation.

25

Bio-systematic studies on Cotugnia gallusensis n.sp. (Cestoda : Davaineidae) from Dhule (M.S.).

D. R. Patil and A. T. Kalse

Pages:

91-94

2017

June

Cotugnia, Gallus gallus domesticus, Ovary.

The genus Cotugnia was erected by Diamare (1893) with the type of species C.diagonopora collected from domestic fowl. Seven specimens of Cestode parasites were collected from the intestine of Gallus gallus domesticus. The present cestode have Scolex large, squarish in shape, rostellum is armed with numerous hooks, testes 75-80(78) in numbers, ovary is lobulated, medium in size, ootype small, rounded. It was compared and differs from six species and considered as new species, Cotugnia gallusensis.

26

Participation of farm women in post-harvest practices of Kinnow (Citrus deliciosa) in Sri Ganganagar district of Rajasthan.

Aastha Khatri and Dhriti Solanki

Pages:

95-97

2017

June

Farm women, Post-harest practices, Kinnow.

The present study was conducted in Sri Ganganagar district of Rajasthan. The purpose of the study was to find out the extent of participation of farm women in post-harvest operations of kinnow. The sample of the study consisted of 100 purposively selected farm women from two Panchayat Samities. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. Findings of the study revealed that overall MWS of participation was 0.51 and majority of the respondents (60%) were under the category of low participation while 40% of respondents belonged to low level of participation.

27

Influence of temperature and humidity for pest management during light trapping in the field of Triticum vulgare.

Vinod Kumar Rajput, R. K. Verma and Suman Kapoor

Pages:

99-100

2017

June

Standing crop, Jermy type light trap, Thermometer.

India is the largest producer of food grains after China and USA. The maximum economy of a developing country like India is depended upon the various crops. The insects pest are much harmful to the crops like wheat, pulses and vegetables in Agra region. The various environmental factors can assume equal importance at a stage when it begins to act as a limiting factor, of temperature and humidity have the most direct quantitative casual relationship with various metabolic process. The temperature and humidity in the case of insect pest have direct effect on all life processes like feeding, locomotion, respiration, digestion, excretion and development etc. So in this environmental condition these nocturnal insect pest attracted towards light during night.

28

Histopathological changes in Tilapia liver with neem biopesticide.

Prerna Pahariya, Rajendra Chauhan and Vipin Vyas

Pages:

101-104

2017

June

Tilapia, Neemax (Biopesticide), Histopathology, Liver.

This study was undertaken to examine the liver histopathology in the freshwater fish, Tilapia exposed to Neemax (biopesticised). The present study has produced a better perception of the possible disruptions to the aquatic biota exposed to low levels of Neemax biopesticide. Several changes were observed in fish showed respiratory disorder, abnormal swimming behavior rapid opercular movements. Histopathological changes were observed in fish organs would serve useful purpose in evaluating the toxic effect of pesticide. Histopathological changes in liver observed microscopically showed damage in the tissues in correlation with the concentration of Neemax (Biopesticide), while liver of control group exhibited normal architecture.

29

Environmental conservation through watershed management.

A. K. Bajpai

Pages:

105-107

2017

June

Watershed management, Biotic and biotic component.

The last several decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in environmental planning and watershed management from a top down government agency driven process toward a more collaborative grass roots approach that includes stakeholder participation problem solving and solving and consensus building. Rather than focusing on specific areas within the watershed landscape the new community based approach (a) establishes local priorities within the context of regional and national goals and coordinates private and public actions (b) integrates the biotic and biotic components as well as the human and economic factors into the planning and management decisions (c) foucuse of quantifiable risks and benefits and measurable outcomes, and (d) establishes a process for involving nongovernmental organization and citizens through formal and informal meeting. Under this approach, the watershed represents an appropriate unit or hydro-political boundary for unifying the management approach emerged heralded as an innovative approach for maintaining the watershed management approach include (i) delineation of the landscape into hydro-logically and culturally homogeneous bination of hydrographic, and human factors; (ii) development and implementation of sequence of management potions-both tactical to guide regulatory and nonregulatory action within the defined units.

30

Impact assessment of Patni nala watershed management programme.

Rahghvendra Shukla and A. K. Bajpai

Pages:

108-112

2017

June

Watershed, Assessment indicators, Impact assessment

The present study was formulated to make an impact assessment of Patni Nala watershed incepted by Dindayal Reserch Institute (DRI) Implementation of watershed programme has resulted decrease in cultivable waste land and fallow land by 71.70% and 48.10% respectively and increase in cultivable area from 93.80-207.90 acres. Double cropped area has shown an increase of 154% in three categories of land holdings. Impact on irrigated area has shown a change of 265.10%. The area covered under HYV seed has shown an increase of 145.80%. Water table in the wells has shown an increase of 2-3 meter. The crop productivity of major crops has shown an increase of 52.22-68.75%. Cropping pattern have shown an increase of 100-450%. Impact on irrigated area has also exhibited an increased trend by 265.10%.

31

Technological empowerment of farm women in terms of gain in knowledge of selected animal husbandry technologies related to drudgery reduction.

Neha Tiwari and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

113-116

2017

June

Farm women, Animal husbandry, Drudgery reduction.

The present study was conducted in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the study was to assess the technological empowerment of farm women in terms of gain in knowledge in selected drudgery reducing technologies related to animal husbandry. The 100 farm women were randomly selected for technological empowerment through training from two purposively selected Panchayat Samities. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. The findings of the study reveal that the initially very few respondents (1.36-6.3%) knew about rake, shovel and moving stool. After exposure of training good gain in knowledge of the respondents were observed in different aspects of the selected drudgery reducing technologies related to animal husbandry with overall mean percent scores of 79.5-81.7. After intervention the respondents further gained knowledge about all the selected animal husbandry technologies with overall MPS 90.3-90.7.

32

Effect of housing system and protein levels on ECG production performance of commercial colour birds.

Kiran Kumar, J. K. Bhardwaj, R. P. Nema, S. S. Atkare, R. P. S. Baghel and Ravi Sikrodia

Pages:

117-119

2017

June

Poultry, Protein level, Housing system.

A 2X2X4 factorial design was utilized to evaluate the production performance of two type of dual purpose commercial colour birds [G (JBP Col. 50% : Kd 50%) and G (JBP Col. 75% : Kd 25%)] under diversified 1 2 housing system and dietary protein level. A total number of 192 birds, 96 birds from each genetic stocks, aged 24 weeks were utilized for present experiment and distributed in to 32 replicate subgroups. On over all basis G genotype birds 2 produced 8.63% more egg than G genotype birds and differ significantly to each other birds of both the genotype 1 showed highest egg production between 29-32th weeks of age. G birds showed superiority in egg production during 2 whole experimental period. Birds reared under deep liter housing system had produced more number of eggs throughout the period of measurement. The overall number of eggs recorded were 78.09 egg with 70.67% egg production and 84.86 eggs with 75.96% egg production respectively under cage and deep litter housing system. Higher dietary protein 18% and 20% group showed marginally decreasing number of eggs and percent egg production than the 16% dietary protein group birds.

33

Effect of housing system and protein levels on adult body weight and feed consumption of commercial colour birds.

Kiran Kumar, J. K. Bhardwaj, R. P. Nema, S. S. Atkare, R. P. S. Baghel and Ravi Sikrodia

Pages:

120-122

2017

June

Poultry, Protein level, Housing system.

A 2X2X4 factorial design was utilized to evaluate the production performance of two type of dual purpose commercial colour birds [G (JBP Col. 50% : Kd 50%) and G (JBP Col. 75% : Kd 25%)] under diversified 1 2 housing system and dietary protein level. A total number of 192 birds, 96 birds from each genetic stocks, aged 24 weeks were utilized for present experiment and distributed in to 32 replicate subgroups. The body weight was increased as the age advances and birds at attained the body weight 1.83 kg (G ) and 1.91 kg (G ) at 40th weeks of age. The average 1 2 feed consumption/day estimated were 106.10�0.12, 106.54�0.09, 105.59�0.07 and 97.26�0.05 g for G birds whereas 1 108.69�0.14, 111.42�0.12, 108.98�0.06 and 101�0.18 g respectively in P-I, P-II, P-III, P-IV. On overall basis deep litter housed birds consumed 5.24 g less feed per day than caged birds.

34

Investigation on primary productivity of Vanjarwadi reservoir, Beed (M.S.)

P. V. Patil and A. M. Budrukar

Pages:

123-125

2017

June

Primary productivity, Vanjarwadi reservoir.

Vanjarwadi is an minor irrigation reservoir located at Beed 10 km on Beed-Nagar highway. In the present investigation the primary productivity was high in summer season and low during rainy season. Primary productivity was measured maximum in the month of May and minimum in the month of August and September at all spots.

35

Incidence of clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in mastitis in military dairy farm Mhow (M.P.).

Shashi Pradhan, H. K. Mehta, P. C. Shukla, Kavita Roy and Shaihna

Pages:

127-129

2017

June

Incidence of clinical mastitis, Crossbred cows.

Mastitis is greatest problem for dairy industry due to heavy economics losses. It causes devastating losses to the livestock industry in India and throughout the world. The present investigation was undertaken to study the incidence of clinical mastitis in crossbred cows in Military dairy farm Mhow. 158 crossbred cows of either age were selected for present investigation. Age wise and quarter wise incidence of clinical mastitis was determined. For determining the age wise incidence, the animals were divided into 4 groups viz. upto 5 year, 5-7 year, 7-10 year and above 10 years of age. Total 81 animals were found positive indicating incidence of clinical mastitis (51.26%) in Military dairy farm Mhow. The cows up to 5 yr, 5-7 year, 7-10 year and 10 year above age group had incidence of 59.0%, 20.9%, 12.3% and 7.40% respectively. Out of total animal 158 was screened incidence rate was up to 5 year, 5- 7 year, 7-10 year and 10 year above age group had incidence of 30.37%, 10.75%, 6.32% and 3.79% respectively. The quarter wise incidence of clinical mastitis was calculated on the basis of 632 quarter .The incidence was observed in quarter Left fore quarter, Right fore quater, Left hind quater, Right hind quater was 6.32%, 6.17%, 6.32% and 6.17% respectively. The infection in LH, LF, RH and RF quarters of Malvi cows was 4.87, 8.53, 9.75 and 6.09% respectively.

36

Ground water characteristics with special reference to public health of Ankushnagar, Jalana (M.S.).

A. M. Budrukar and P. V. Patil

Pages:

131-132

2017

June

Ground water, Chemical characteristics, Public health

The present communication deals with the study of 15 drinking water samples from dug well as well as tube well in order to find out the magnitude of health problem in Ankushnagar. The water quality parameters which are pH, TDS, TH, Ca, Mg, Cl, So , Po and No were carried out. The finding revealed that the contents in majority of 4 4 3 sampling sites were below the WHO and ISI permissible limits for drinking water. Beside, a sulphate in well samples was quite high. The Cl, Po and No were found to be within the permissible limits.

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