Year: 2016, Issue: December

29

Balanites aegyptiaca (Linn.) Delile - An ethnomedicinally important taxa in Arid region of Rajasthan - A review.

Vinod Kumari and R. K. Gehlot

Pages:

109-114

2016

December

Secondary metabolites, Alkaloid, Sapogenin, Diosgenin, Antimicrobial.

Balanites aegyptiaca (Linn.) Delile is a xerophytic plant of arid region of Rajasthan. It is a small spiny tree with gregarious habit. It offers food, fodder, medicinal product and fuel wood for subsistence living in desert areas where other options are few. Leaves and fleshy pulp are often used as famine food because they are good source of protein. Present review highlights the ethnomedicinal importance of this taxa. It is used in Ayurvedic and other folk medicines for treatment of various diseases. It is a good source of saponins and steroidal sapogenins and has been reported to contain diosgenin. Therefore it can be utilized as alternate source of Dioscorea deltavadia. Besides its antipathogenic activities in several diseases it has great potential to become a source of biodiesel. Seeing the importance of this taxa, its plantation should be promoted in desert region.

30

Integrated weed management in wheat - A review.

Md. Talib Noori, H. Patro and M. Ray

Pages:

115-120

2016

December

Weeds, Weed control, Crop growth, Yield of wheat, Nutrient uptake, Economics.

India has a wide range of agro climates and soil types. The highly diverse agriculture and fanning systems are beset with different types of weed problems. Weeds cause 10-80% crop yield losses besides impairing product quality and causing health and environmental hazards. Traditionally, weed control has been largely dependent on manual weeding. However, increased labour scarcity and costs are encouraging farmers to adopt labour and cost- saving options. These include herbicides whose market grew at an annual rate of 15%. Integrated weed management (IWM) is being practiced by Indian farmers, with the level of adoption varying from one farm to the other. Research on weed management in India is mostly centred on herbicide efficacy. Herbicides, applied alone or in combinations, have been regarded as essential tools in the effective management of weeds in different-ecosystems. IWM, which includes preventative, mechanical, cultural, chemical and biological methods, are advocated in crop production systems. Weed management approaches must be developed considering the threat of weeds appearance in addition to the recurrence and persistence of weeds and the need to bring down weed management costs to enhance profit for farmers while protecting the environment. An effort has been made in this investigation to identify the predominant weeds occurring with wheat crop, evaluate the effect of integrated weed management on weed control, crop growth, yield and yield attributes of wheat, nutrient uptake by weed and wheat and economics of different weed control treatments.

31

Response of rainfed soybean to application of micronutrients in Vertisols.

S. K. Sharma, Vijay Pratap Singh, Narendra Chouhan and R. Sikarwar

Pages:

121-124

2016

December

Inorganic, Organic, Soybean, Micronutrients.

A field experiment under rainfed conditions was laid to evaluate the response of Zn, Fe, Mo and B application and also to compare the method of application of micronutrients i.e. soil and foliar application in soybean grown in Vertisols. The experiment was conducted at the research farm of College of Agriculture, Indore. The micronutrient application when applied with RDF gave the higher seed yield (2471 kg/ha-1), net return (30040 Rs/ha.) and B : C ratio (4.16) as compared to RDF (2034 kg/ha-1) without micronutrient application, FYM, 10 t ha-1 (1973 kg/ha-1), Farmers practice (1831 kg/ha-1) and control (1731 kg/ha-1) treatments. When we compared the method of micronutrient application, soil application of micro nutrient gave higher seed yield than foliar application of micronutrient. Soil and folior application of Mo along with soil application of recommended dose of NPKS enhanced chlorophylle content and nutrient uptake in soybean. In general, the application of micronutriments enhanced uptake of N, P, K, S, Zn, Fe, Mo and B in soybean when grown in Vertisols. Soil application of micronutrient was found more economical than foliar application of micro nutrient.

32

Therapeutic role and health benefits of soybean in vegetarian diet- Present scenario.

Pooja Murlidharan, A. K. Singh and S. R. Ramgiry

Pages:

125-128

2016

December

Soyfood, Isoflavones, Therapeutic role.

This review is intended to provide information on recent research on the nutritional value of the soybean, how soy can be used in the vegetarian and vegan diet, its use in diet therapy for some diseases, and role of isoflavones in health outcomes. Soy consumption has also been well studied for meeting nutritional needs of vegetarians and vegans, and those with health issues such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. Much research has been focused on the nutritional composition of soybeans in the past 30 years; in particular breeding and genetic engineering have the potential to alter soybeans. Finally, bioactive components of soybean, including isoflavones, have emerging role, but there are complicating results regarding correlations and effects on health outcomes, including reducing menopausal symptoms, reducing risk of bone disease and some cancers. The purpose of this review is to provide information regarding recent advances in the composition of soybean, its use in health and disease

33

Freshwater chlorophycean diversity of Kodamdesar and Kalyan Sagar ponds of Bikaner region, Rajasthan.

Santosh, M. C. Mali and G. K. Barupal

Pages:

129-134

2016

December

Chlorophyceae, Kodamdesar pond, Kalyan Sagar pond.

The present investigation deals with the floristic study of 34 taxa of Chlorophyceae belonging to 16 genera from Kodamdesar and Kalyan Sagar ponds of Bikaner region. Present investigation was carried out for the period of one year from July,2012 to June,2013. The maximum species were noted of Scenedesmaceae and Desmidiaceae (9) followed by Hydrodictyaceae (6), Selenastraceae (4), Coelastraceae (2) Cholorococcaceae (1), Botryococcaceae (1), Characiaceae (1) and Zygnemaceae (1). Scenedesmus were designated as major taxa showing maximum variation in species diversity.

34

Studies on effect of foliar application of plant growth retardants on physiological growth determinants and biochemical estimation of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) quality.

Tarun Kumar, R. K. Samaiya, Yogendra Singh, K. C. Meena and S. K. Dwivedi

Pages:

135-139

2016

December

Plant growth retardants, Physiological growth determinants, Biochemical estimation, Protein content.

The experiments were conducted at the Research Farm of Dusty Acre, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur during kharif 2013. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with three replications. The experiment consisted of 7 treatments comprised to different concentration of plant growth retardants viz., Paclobutrazol (40 SC 60 ml, 75 ml, 90 ml and 23 SC 105.6 ml, 132 ml) and Chlormequat chloride (50% SL 500 ml). Observation on various physiological growth determinants and biochemical estimation of soybean were recorded. The leaf area index significantly increased up to 75 DAS and decline steadily towards maturity. The LAI and LAD were found to be maximum in Chlormequat chloride and were recorded to be lower in paclobutrazol. CGR and RGR were significantly influenced by the application of Chlormequat chloride. The minimum CGR and RGR were noted under treatment Paclobutrazol (40 SC @75 ml/ha). The highest protein content (%) was obtained in Chlormequat Chloride 50% SL 500 ml/ha (35.22), while, the lowest protein content (%) was estimated in control (34.37). The maximum oil (%) was noted in Chlormequat Chloride 50% SL 500 ml/ha (16.02) and control (14.40) had the lowest value as compared to all others. Significantly maximum seed oil yield was exhibited by Paclobutrazol (40SC @75 ml/ha) (1.16) while, minimum Seed oil yield was observed in control (0.87).

35

Present distributional record and availability status of Piper longum L. (Piperaceae) a useful ethnomedicinal plant of Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India.

Rajendra Yonzone

Pages:

141-142

2016

December

Piper longum, Present distributional record, Availability status, Ethnomedicinal uses, Darjeeling district.

Present paper deals with present distributional record and availability status of useful ethnomedicinal plant Piper longum L. (Piperaceae) from Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India.

36

Exact distributional record of medicinal orchid Dendrobium chrysanthum Wall. Ex. Lindl. in Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India.

Rajendra Yonzone

Pages:

143-144

2016

December

Dendrobium chrysanthum, Medicinal orchid, Exact distributional record, Darjeeling Himalaya, India.

Present paper deals with exact distributional record of medicinal Orchid Dendrobium chrysanthum Wall. ex Lindl. in Darjeeling Himalaya of West Bengal, India. Detailed description and illustrations are provided.

37

Farmers perception about System of Rice Intensification (SRI) technology of Rewa district (M.P.).

Dharmendra, Sanjay Singh, Toranlal Nishad, Nikhil Kshatri and B. K. Tiwari

Pages:

145-147

2016

December

SRI technology, SRI cultivation.

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI), developed in Madagascar is gaining increasing credence and momentum as the farmers are now using this method to raise their rice production while also reducing their use of external inputs and production costs. The present study was conducted in Rewa district M.P. Rewa district was selected purposively, since presently it has larger area under SRI cultivation. The study was carried out to assess the perception of paddy growers about SRI technology. It was found that the aspect economic viability (1.63) had highest mean perception score followed by, insect and disease management (1.51), nutrient management (1.48), transplanting (1.39), nursery management (1.33), seed management (1.25), mortality (1.13), labour requirement (1.07) and water management (1.06) Mean perception score was found to be lowest in case of weed management (0.98). The study revealed that the characteristics of the paddy growers namely, education, size of land holding, annual income, farming experience, cosmopoliteness, source of information, risk orientation, economic motivation, and achievement motivation had significant relationship with their perception about SRI technology at 5% level of significance.

38

Study on some less known ethnomedicinal plants used by traditional healers in Jabalpur region.

Tabassum Ansari and Vimal Saini

Pages:

149-152

2016

December

Jabalpur region, Traditional healers.

The present communication deals with thirty Angiosperm plant species of ethno medicinal plant used by the traditional Healers Jabalpur region. Through a survey during 2010-2011 first hand information on ethnomedicinal preparation dosage and their mode of administration was gathered, from herbal practitioners of local people. In this work ethnomedicinal information on 30 plant species belonging to 15 families and 15 genera was documented by interrogating the local traditional practitioners concerned scientific names along with their family, vernacular names, part used and disease, cured by these plants have been discussed in this paper.

39

A study on Bacillariophytes of Satna city of Madhya Pradesh.

Rashmi Singh

Pages:

153-154

2016

December

Diversity, Bacillariophytes.

Wetlands of Satna district of Madhya Pradesh forms a potential risk for the environment due to human load by continuous recreation and tourism activities. Taste and odour of water of these wetlands linked with the presence of algal blooms. Some Bacillariophytes in wetlands of Satna city were observed and found that six genera were belonging to ten species. These species forming more eutrophic condition of wetlands.

40

Study of water quality of Pariyat river, Jabalpur (M.P.)

Neelam Tiwari, K. K. Dube and Rita Bhandari

Pages:

155-158

2016

December

Water pollution, pH, Conductivity, Turbidity, BOD, TDS.

Pariyat river is life line of the peoples of Jabalpur city. River water is used for various purposes such as agriculture, domestic, industrial irrigation etc. Fresh water is necessary for healthy living. The importance of fresh water resource, their conservation and utilization has attained almost important during the present time. This natural resource is being polluted by indiscriminate disposal of sewage, industrial waste and human activities which affect quality of river water. Jabalpur or Sanskardhani is the main city of Central India and traditionally known as Mahakoushal. The WCR headquarter GCF, OFK and VFJ and also a very important army base is situated at Jabalpur (M.P.). Therefore, it is necessary for monitoring the water quality of river by analysis of various physicochemical parameters. The objective of present work to study various water pollutants of Pariyat river..

41

Effect of furadan (a carbamate pesticide) on histopathology of gills in Channa punctatus (Bloch).

Mamta Kumari

Pages:

159-160

2016

December

Histopathology, Furadan, Channa punctatus.

Studies on toxic effect of Furadan (a carbamate pesticide) on histopathology of gill edible air breathing fish, Channa punctatus have been made. The LC values of furadan were calculated to be 1.25, 1.12.0.99 and 0.91 ppm 50 respectively for 24h, 48h, 72h and 96h and its regression equatior for 24h, 48h, 72h and 96h are y = -4.50 + 49.2 X ; y = 4.54 + 44 X ; y = 1.26 + 34 X and y = -6.9 + 28 X respectively. The dose or the test concentration for chronic exposure of furadan was determined by adopting the formula of Hhart et al. (1945) which explain as C = 48 hours LC X A/S2 and 50 S=24 hours LC values/48 hours LC the safe concentration suggested in the present study may help to minimize 50 50 water pollution by both the pesticides.

42

Structure and dynamic of phytoplankton in two floodplain lakes (Chaurs) of North Bihar, India.

A. K. Singh, Rani Kumari and D. K. Singh

Pages:

161-168

2016

December

Floodplain lakes/chaurs, Water quality, Phytoplankton, Sorenson's similarity index.

The present study analyses the phytoplankton community (composition, diversity, abundance and dominance) associated with physical, chemical and climatic variables of floodplain lakes of river Kosi basin, North Bihar. Five groups of phytoplankton were recognized in this study comprised of 43 species. Out of these, Chlorophyceae was the dominant group with 20 species, followed by Bacillariophyceae (11 species) and Cyanophyceae (9 species). Euglenophyceae and Dinophyceae were the less dominant groups with 2 species and 1 species, respectively. During investigation, 33 species were recorded from Tarawe chaur and 26 species from the Gamharia chaur. The abundance and population density of the all groups of phytoplankton were recorded. Closterium lunula, Oedogonium globosum, Chlorella vulgaris, Cladophora sp. and Spirogyra sp. contributed bulk of the Chlorophyceae population. Bacillariophyceae was represented by Navicula trivialis, followed by Melosira granulate and Fragillaria sp. Cyanophyceae was dominated by Oscillatoria limosa, followed by Microcystis elongate and Anabaena constricta. The abundance of Melosira granulate, Navicula trivialis, Chlorella vulgaris, Closterium lunula, Desmidium sp., Anabaena constricta, Microcystis elongate and Oscillatoria limosa indicate that the Gamharia chaur is under the threat of eutrophication. Various ecological factors exerted influence on species composition and abundance of phytoplankton. Sorenson's index analyses for phytoplankton community show 57.63% similarity among two lakes and Cyanophyceae indicates greater similarity 71.43% in species composition.

43

Phytochemical screening and in vitro antioxidant activities of chloroform soluble fraction of Simarouba glauca leaf extract.

Anu Gopalakrishnan, Usha, P. T. A., Bibu John Kariyil, Reni John and Surya Sunilkumar

Pages:

169-171

2016

December

Simarouba glauca, Chloroform soluble fraction, Phytochemicals, Antioxidant

Simarouba glauca leaves and bark are being used traditionally for the treatment of several diseases. In the present study chloroform soluble fraction (CSF) separated from the ethanolic extract of Simarouba glauca leaves has been investigated for the presence of various phytochemicals. The in vitro antioxidant potential of the fraction was also assessed by means of superoxide and nitric oxide radical scavenging assays. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of steroids, alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, diterpenes and triterpenes whereas saponins and tannins were absent. CSF of Simarouba glauca extract exhibited marked scavenging activity against superoxide anion radical (O .-) 2 and nitric oxide radical (NO) in a dose dependent manner comparable to the effect produced by vitamin C standard. The EC value for superoxide radical inhibition by CSF of Simarouba glauca was 35.12�4.02 ?g/ml and for nitric oxide 50 radical inhibition EC obtained was 46.05�7.09. Hence the present study identified that chloroform soluble fraction of 50 Simarouba glauca leaf extract is rich in potent phytochemicals and it possesses marked antioxidant activity in a dose dependent manner.

44

Food an feeding habits of Paraplagusia bilineata from Mangalore coast.

N. Satish, D. P. Rajesh, H. N. Anjanayappa, S. Benakappa, S. R. Somashekara, B. T. Naveen Kumar and D. P. Prakash

Pages:

173-175

2016

December

Food and feeding habits, Paraplagusia bilineata, Mangalore region.

The study deals with nature and composition of food items, feeding habits, intensity of feeding of Paraplagusia bilineata from Mangalore region. The gut contents comprised of Molluscs 7.51%, Polychaetes 11.521%, Crustaceans 10%, Diatoms 4.67%, Fish scales 6.69%, Plant material 5.28%, Unidentified 7.88% and Semidigested 46.43%. The present study indicates that Paraplagusia bilineata is a carnivorous feeder. The active feeding during all the months except during January and February in female and February, March and April in male.

45

Economic empowerment of rural women through - Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).

Neha Tiwari and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

177-179

2016

December

Economic empowerment, Rural women.

The present study was conducted in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the present study was to find out income and employment generation of the beneficiaries under MGNREGA. The sample consisted of 100 randomly selected respondents from two Panchayat Samities. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. Findings of the study reveal that MGNREGA increase the income and employment of all the beneficiaries after joining the programme.

46

Spawning frequencies and breeding seasons of Cociella crocodila (Tilesius,1812) from Mangalore coast.

A. S. Mahesa Murthu, D. P. Rajesh, S. Benakappa, H. N. Anjanayappa, S. R. Somashekara and D. P. Prakash

Pages:

181-184

2016

December

Cociella crocodila, Breeding biology, Mangalore coast.

Maturation studies carried out on Cociella crocodila samples collected from commercial landings from October,2006 to May,2007 showed the dominance of male with male to female ratio of 1:0.98. The Gonado Somatic Index values ranged between 1.5386-4.8541 in male and in case of female, fluctuated between 1.93-40.82. The fecundity ranged from 9405-19384 eggs with an average of 13,252 eggs. The ova diameter ranged from 0.203-0.592 mm. Analysis of size at first maturity of Cociella crocodila, using cumulative frequency method showed that female attained first maturity at 205 mm (TL) while the male at 195 mm (TL). The logarithm relationship between fecundity, total length, body weight and ovary weight were also calculated.

47

Effect of probiotic and fibrolytic enzyme supplementation on performance of lactating buffaloes.

Ramesh Kumar Mishra, R. P. Baghel and Pawan Sirothiya

Pages:

185-190

2016

December

Probiotic and fibrolytic enzyme, Lactating buffaloes.

A study was conducted to see the effect of probiotic and fibrolytic enzyme supplementation on performance of lactating buffaloes in existing farmers feeding and management conditions. The 12 healthy Murrha buffalos of 3rd lactation were selected on the basis of body weight, milk yield and milk fat. Buffaloes were randomly divided into 2 groups of 6 buffaloes in each group. The experiment was conducted for the period of four months. In group-I : Rroutine farmer's practiced was considered as control. The diet of this group consisted of wheat straw 6.5 kg + 12 kg green berseem +1.5 kg concentrate for mentinance + concentrate mixture approximately half of the milk yield. In buffaloes of group II : Addition of commercially available exogenous fibrolytic enzymes (cellulase & xylanase) @ dose 15 g per animal per day and Saccharomyces cervisiae (Yea-Sac1026) @ dose rate 10 g per animal per day as probiotic in control (T1) diet was made. The data revealed that reduction in body weight during the experimental period was higher (7.91 kg) in buffaloes of farmer practice group than fibrolytic enzymes plus probiotic supplemented group (2.10 kg).The daily dry matter intake of buffaloes was differ non significantly in both the groups. The milk production in buffaloes of fibrolytic enzymes plus probiotic supplemented group was recorded (8.53 liters per day) significantly higher (P<0.05) than buffaloes of control group (8.21 liters per day). The change in milk yield in comparison to their initial yield was 9.36% and 3.92% in fibrolytic enzymes plus probiotic and control groups of buffaloes, respectively. The results regarding chemical composition of milk during experimental period showed insignificant higher percentage for all the milk constituents in fibrolytic enzymes plus probiotic group of buffaloes in comparison to control group. The fat, SNF, protien, lactose and tota soli was 6.86, 9.49, 3.78, 4.98 and 16.33%, respectively in buffaloes fed fibrolytic enzymes plus probiotic supplemented whereas, it was 6.78, 9.47, 3.71, 4.94 and 16.26% respectively in buffaloes received control diet. The higher improvement in haematobiochemical parameters was noticed in buffaloes of enzymes plus probiotic supplemented group than control group. Days of postpartum heat have been found reduced in buffaloes of supplemented group. On the basis of present findings, it can be conclued that supplementation of probiotic and enzyme had significant improvement on milk production and some haematobiochamical parameters in buffaloes of present feeding practices of farmers.

48

Effect of probiotic supplementation on performance of lactating buffaloes.

Ramesh Kumar Mishra, R. P. S. Baghel and Pawan Sirothiya

Pages:

191-196

2016

December

Probiotic, Performance, Buffalo, Saccharomyces cervisiae.

A study was undertaken to see the effect of probiotic supplementation on performance of lactating buffaloes in farmers feeding and management conditions. The 12 early lactating Murrha buffalos of 3rd lactation were selected on the basis of body weight, milk yield and milk fat percentage. Buffaloes were randomly divided into 2 groups of 6 buffaloes in each group. In group-I (FP) : Rroutine farmer's practiced was considered as control. The buffaloes were fed wheat straw 6.5 kg+12 kg green berseem+1.5 kg concentrate for mentinance+concentrate approximately half of the milk yield in this group. In buffaloes of group II (PS) : Addition of commercially available probiotic Saccharomyces cervisiae (Yea-Sac1026) yiest @ dose rate 10 g per animal per day as probiotic in group-1 (FP) diet was made for the period of four months. The data revealed that reduction in body weight during the experimental period was greater in FP (7.91 kg) than those belonged to probiotic supplemented (PS) group (2.48 kg). The dry matter intake (DMI) was differ non significantly (P<0.05) during the experimental period among the buffaloes of both the groups. The milk production in PS group was recorded as 8.46 liters per day than those raised in FP group in which 8.21 liters per day yield was recorded. The change in production during the experiment from their initial yield was 7.63 % and 3.92 % in PS and FP group of buffaloes which was significantly (P<0.05) higher in PS group. The insignificant (P<0.05) improvement in chemical composition of milk in the buffaloes of PS group was noticed due to treatment. The heamatobiochemical parameters were higher in buffaloes of PS group than buffaloes fed on FP group at end of experiment. Significant change in blood glucose and serum total protein ware noticed in buffaloes supplemented with probiotic than buffaloes raised on farmers practice of feeding. The significant change in serum Ca and P were also recorded at the end of experiment in buffaloes PS group. The study can be concluded that supplementation of probiotic (Saccharomyces cervisiae) was helpful in improving the performance of lactating buffaloes and found economical because of significant increase in milk production per day in present conditions of farmer practice.

49

Technological empowerment of farm women in terms of gain in knowledge in selected drudgery reduction technologies related to agriculture.

Neha Tiwari and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

197-200

2016

December

Technological empowerment, Drudgery reduction technologies, Wheel hoe, Training and knowledge.

The present study was conducted in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. The purpose of the study was to assess the technological empowerment of farm women in terms of gain in knowledge in selected drudgery reduction technologies related to agriculture. The 100 farm women were covered for technological empowerment through training from two purposively selected Panchayat Samities. Personal interview technique was used for collecting data. The findings of the study reveal that Initially very few respondents (0.80-2.5%) knew about the technologies like wheel hoe and rice transplanter. After exposure of training, tremendous gain in knowledge of the respondents were observed in different aspects of the selected drudgery reducing technologies related to agriculture with overall mean percent scores of 77.4-86.5. After intervention the respondents further gained knowledge about all the selected agriculture technologies indicated by overall MPS 87.3-91.1.

50

Analysis and detection of Avian inflluenza (H5N1).

Vijay Laxmi Saxena and Arushi Chaudhary

Pages:

201-206

2016

December

Avian influenza, RT PCR, LPMs, H5N1.

Avian influenza is a highly contagious viral infection. Shorebirds (Charadiiformes) and wild waterfowl (Anseriformes) are the major natural reservoir of Avian Influenza Viruses (AIVs). These birds can carry all hemagglutinin (HA) and 9 neuraminidase (NA). AIVs are zoonotic pathogens, the respiratory tract of poultry and gastrointestinal tract of waterfowl are replication sites for AIVs and poultry are incubators for the progression of lowpathogenicity avian infuenza (LPAI) virus into HPAI virus. Infected birds can shed AIVs in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces. Susceptible birds become infected when they have contact with surface that is contaminated with virus. People directly or indirectly exposed to live poultry markets (LPMs), that increase the risk of human avian influenza virus infection and LPM closures effectively control poultry-to-human transmission. For diagnosis, samples are initially tested using RT PCR (for detection of AI virus), with rapid testing of positives for H5, and if possible N1, and that analysis of the HA cleavage site is undertaken to determine the pathogenicity of the AI virus. The WHO GISRS and partner laboratories have developed both haemagglutination-inhibition and micro neutralization laboratory protocols to detect specific H7N9 virus antibodies in human sera.

51

Entrepreneurial behaviour of rural women in Udaipur district of Rajasthan.

Sonu Mertiya and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

207-209

2016

December

Entrepreneurial behaviour.

The study was conducted in Udaipur district of Rajasthan to know the entrepreneurial behaviour of rural women. For present study a sample of 100 respondents was randomly selected from two Panchayat Samities. Majority of the respondents (63%) had medium entrepreneurial behaviour while 37% were in the category of low entrepreneurial behaviour. Majority of respondents had high achievement motivation (83%), low cosmo-politeness 72%, medium information seeking 63% and medium leadership ability 68%. More than half of the respondents were in high category of knowledge 59%, medium assistance of management service 58% and decision making regarding enterprises 51%. The respondents were almost equally distributed in the components like risk taking ability and innovativeness.

52

Spawning frequencies and breeding seasons of Paraplagusia bilineata from Mangalore coast.

N. Satish, D. P. Rajesh, H. N. Anjanayppa, S. Benakappa, S. R. Somashekara, B. T. Naveen Kumar and D. P. Prakash

Pages:

211-215

2016

December

Paraplagusia bilineata, Breeding biology, Mangalore coast.

Maturation studies carried out on Paraplagusia bilineata samples collected from commercial landings from November,2006 to June,2007 showed the dominance of female with male to female ratio of 1:1.78. The Gonado Somatic Index values ranged between 0.2014-0.3416 in male and in case of female, it fluctuated between 0.4997-2.8641. The fecundity ranged from 54,356-2,96,996 eggs with an average of 1,42,053 eggs. Analysis of size at first maturity of Paraplagusia bilineata, using cumulative frequency method showed that female attained first maturity at 173 mm (TL) while the male at 156 mm (TL). The logarithm relationship between fecundity, total length, body weight and ovary weight were also calculated.

53

Some records of moths with their diagnostic characters from Maihar block of district Satna (M.P.).

Sunil Kumar Kushwaha and Shivesh Pratap Singh

Pages:

217-220

2016

December

Moths, Hetrocera, Lepidoptera.

The paper deals with the study of 15 species of moths belonging of 15 genera under 06 families of moths collected from different localities of Maihar Block, Satna district. All the species are recorded for the first time from this area. The moths are members of order Lepidoptera, which are very familiar to human, on account of their beautiful colouration, size and plant relationships.

54

Homing behaviour in female crossoprizalyoni.

Aruna Pande

Pages:

221-222

2016

December

Crossopriza, Homing behaviour.

Crossoprizalyoni is a cellar spider and is a wide spread species. They also known as tailed cellar or tailed daddy long legs spiders. Crossopriza makes webs in corners of rooms, below roofs, in basement etc. in human houses. Very clear sexual dimorphism is found in this spider. In this study it was observed that male spider was wandering but female wants to live in her web until she is not disturbed by other spider or human beings.

55

Study of inherited facial trait with special reference to dimples in human population of selected area.

Sadhana Kesharwani

Pages:

223-224

2016

December

Dimple, Random mating, Autosomal pattern of inheritance, Penetrance.

Survey of human population (randomly selected families) was done to observe presence or absence of dimple on cheeks and to calculate the gene and genotypic frequencies of the alleles involved.

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