Year: 2015, Issue: June

1

Effect of microbial inoculants on yield performance of sorghum as intercrop in maize under rainfed conditions in Northern Karnataka.

P. Priya, B. N. Aravind Kumar, J. S. Chandranna, V. C. Patil and N. Krishnamurthy

Pages:

01-03

2015

June

Sorghum, Microbial inoculants, enzyme activity, VAM fungi, Seed priming.

The effect of microbial inoculants on yield performance of sorghum as intercrop in maize under rainfed conditions in Northern Karnataka on a clay loam soil was studied with various treatment combinations including cropping systems and seed priming treatments during kharif,2007. Among priming treatments, bio-priming (15.28 ?g TPF g soil-1 day-1) and combination of all priming methods (15.16 ?g TPF g soil-1 day-1) recorded significantly higher dehydrogenase activity than farmers practice (13.88 ?g TPF g soil-1 day-1). Similar results were obtained in urease and phosphatase activity and also percent root colonization of VAM fungi. Yield of sorghum in sole cropping (32.94 q ha-1) was higher than in intercropping (19.39 q ha-1). Among the priming treatments, bio-priming (29.48 q ha-1) and combination of all priming methods (29.59 q ha-1) were superior to farmers practice (24.96 q ha-1).

2

Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on grain quality, nutrient contents and uptake of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.).

Sateesh Kumar Mishra, S. S. Parihar and K. N. Namdeo

Pages:

05-08

2015

June

Contents, Inorganic sources, Nutrients, Organic, Pigeonpea, Uptake.

A field experiment was conducted during rainy-cum-winter seasons of 2013-14 and 2014-15 to study the effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on grain quality, nutrient contents and uptake of pigeonpea var. ICPL-87. Farmyard manure (FYM) @ 10 t ha-1 recorded highest grain protein (22.12%), protein yield (261.6 kg ha-1), NPKS contents and their uptake. This was followed by vermicompost and then poultry manure each @ 5 t ha-1. FYM producing 68.97 q ha-1 total biomass (grain + straw) took up the maximum nutrients (92.12 kg N, 15.96 kg P, 74.70 kg K and 14.47 kg S ha-1). In case of inorganic sources, 100% RDF (N P K ) recorded maximum grain protein (21.59%) 20 60 20 and protein yield (241.3 kg ha-1). This 100% NPK level producing 60.10 q ha-1 total biomass resulted in highest percentage of NPKS contents as well as their uptake per hectare. The treatment interactions were found to be almost non-significant.

3

A review on the problems of spore collection in fungi.

Shagufta Parween, Mohammad Shahid Masroor and Mohammad Salim

Pages:

9-10

2015

June

Spore collection, Methods, Fungi.

It has always been a problem of spore collection in fungi specially where substantial quantities of spores were required for any physiological and/or biochemical studies. It is felt that during the course of studies different workers have used several methods to collect the spores of fungi. And, the fluctuating data, thus, obtained have never been absolute and reliable. Keeping the view in mind the present work is an attempt to review the various methods of spore collection in fungi in general and rather better methods in particular.

4

Morphotaxonomy of genus Navicula from Sonvad project dam and Devbhane dam of Dhule district (Maharashtra).

D. S. Jain and N. H. Aher

Pages:

11-14

2015

June

Taxonomy, Navicula, Dam, Maharashtra.

During the study of morphotaxonomy of Genus Navicula from Sonvad project dam and Devbhane dam of Dhule district of Maharashtra the author collected 17 taxa of Navicula is recorded for the first time from this area. In present study algal samples were collected from three stations of Sonvad project dam and Devbhane dam and preserved in 4% formalin for taxonomic study. Line drawing of genus Navicula were made by Camera Lucida. Algal taxa were identified with the help of standard monograph and recent literature. The present work enrich our knowledge of algal flora of this state.

5

Agricultural growth, diversification and convergence in Chhattisgarh : a sensitivity analysis.

G. P. Namdev, P. K. Awasthi, N. K. Raghuwanshi and A. K. Khare

Pages:

15-19

2015

June

Crop diversification, Kharif crop, Rabi crop.

Chhattisgarh state is popularly known as rice bowl of Indian union and shared more than 4% total geographical area of the country. Agriculture is an important economic sector in the state, crop diversification is one of the several pathways of agriculture development. Chhattisgarh has congenial agro-climatic environment cultivating variety of crops but adverse nature and market condition may ruin the farmers form economy adapting specialized farming. Thus there is a need to diversify existing farming system. Keeping the above points in mind the present study is an attempt to study the extent of crop diversification and agricultural development in Chhattisgarh covering more than one and half decade periods. The pace and pattern of agricultural development in Chhattisgarh noted increase in paddy production while wheat and gram increased marginally in area and production but maize declined in production and yield. Among crop groups production of total cereals increased and total pulses was declined considerably. The maximum and minimum variability was observed in area of paddy and total cereals. Gram has noted highest growth rate and production in negative significant was observed in production and yield of maize and total pulses. Share change and overall growth rate of primary sector in the net state domestic product of Chhattisgarh at factor cost by industry of origin at current prices declined by 7.79% and 1.96% respectively. Rice appeared to be buffer crop which meet the weather stringencies on other kharif crops and in rabi crops only gram-mustard and mustard-linseed combination minimized risk the remaining crop combination in both season were positively correlated as well value of Herfindahl index was less than unity indicating bleak possibility of crop diversification. Thus, the crop productivity in the state can be increased by adopting measures of strengthening production factors, adoption and diffusion of technologies appropriate for the study area, integration of production, processing and marketing which is the core of the strategy would provide the needed incentive for the producer to adopt the modern production methods and thereby increase the production.

6

Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur on growth and yield of summer castor (Ricinus communis L.)

M. K. Sondarva, Satyakumari Sharma, R. N. Daki, A. D. Vaja and M. A. Shekh

Pages:

21-24

2015

June

Castor, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Yield.

A field experiment was conducted during summer seasons of 2012 on medium black clayey soil at Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh (Gujarat) to study the effect of different fertilizer treatments on growth, yield attributes and yield and quality analysis of summer castor. Results revealed that fertilizing the crop with 100 kg N ha-1, 50 kg P O ha-1 along with 20 kg S ha-1resulted in significantly higher growth attributes, yield attributes, yield, 2 5 quality parameters, and net returns, and was found at par with 75 kg N ha-1, 25 kg P O ha-1 along with 0 kg S ha-1 in the 2 5 medium black calcareous soil of South Saurashtra Agro climatic region.

7

Potential use of traditional plant species against Aspergillus oryzae.

Surender Kumar Bhardwaj

Pages:

25-28

2015

June

Aspergillus oryzae, Antifungal, Plant-extracts, Phytochemicals.

The experiments were carried out to test the aqueous extracts of twenty plants for their antifungal activity against Aspergillus oryzae caused rice discolouration. Tested results showed a differential activity of the plant extracts against the mycelium growth. The combined leaf extracts of Lawsonia alba and Nicotiana tabocum in general showed a strong enhancement in activities over the individual leaf extracts of Lawsonia alba and Nicotiana tabocum against the mycelium growth. The leaf extracts of Nicotiana tabocum, Lantana macrophylae and Ocimum basilicum showed appreciable inhibitory effect against the tested fungi.

8

A new species of Trichodochium indorense Smita Dubey and Satya from Indore (M.P.)

Smita Dubey

Pages:

29-30

2015

June

Trichodochium indorense, A new species described.

A new species of Hyphomycetes, Trichodochium indorense, has been described. Photographs of sporodochium, conidia and setae are given.

9

Study of ETL in cultivation of Non-BT cotton and BT cotton.

B. Chittaranjan Rao, T. Vekatesham and Shaik Giribabu

Pages:

31-40

2015

June

Pheromone, Funnel trap, Bt-cotton.

A research was carried out to evaluate Economic Threshold Level (ETL) in cultivation of Bt-cotton and non Bt-cotton by studying populations of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) using synthetic pheromones and also their egg, larval (boll worms) populations and damage caused by this pest along with phenology of cotton (Gossypium hirsatum) crop and cultivation costs for growing. This was studied during 2013-14 and 2014-15 kharif season at Nalgonda district in Telangana State and it was found that growing Bt-cotton is profitable than Non Bt-cotton.

10

Biochemical alterations in ascorbic acid content of freshwater snail, Bellamya bengalensis after exposure to pyrethroid.

Dhairyashil V. Ahirrao and Deepak L. Phand

Pages:

41-44

2015

June

Fenvalerate, Bellamya bengalensis, Ascorbic acid, Whole body, Ovary, Albumen gland.

Effect of sub lethal concentration of pyrethroid pesticide Fenvalerate on Whole body, Ovary and Albumen gland of a freshwater snail, Bellamya bengalensis was evaluated. The biochemical analysis for 1th, 7th and 15th days exposed snail was made in the present work. The amount of biochemical components was greatly influenced by Fenvalerate in 15th days in all tissues in reproductive period than post reproductive and pre reproductive period. The ascorbic acid level decreased significantly in exposure to pesticide.

11

Effect of dietary phosphorus source on performance of broiler chicken.

Ramesh Kumar Mishra and R. P. S. Baghel

Pages:

45-48

2015

June

Single Supper Phosphate, Performance, Ionophore, Broilers.

An experiment was conducted to study the performance of broilers on twelve diets containing different levels of single super phosphate (SSP) replacing dicalcium phosphate (DCP) with and without ionophor (maduramycin). Diets used were isonitrogenous containing 22% and 20% CP in starting and finishing broilers, respectively along with 2800 Kcal ME/kg. In diets 1 to 6, DCP was replaced by SSP at graded levels (0%, T ; 20%, T ; 1 2 40%, T ; 60%, T ; 80%, T and 100%, T ). In diets T to T DCP was replaced by SSP as in T to T but these diets were 3 4 5 6 7 12 1 6 supplemented with maduramycin as ionophore to see their effect on nutrient utilization. During 1st to 4th weeks, maximum body weight attained by the broilers allotted 40% SSP diet without ionophore was statistically comparable to those assigned 100% DCP as well as 60% SSP diets. The feed intake increased (P<0.05) in broilers assigned diets containing SSP up to 60% level without ionophore but further increase in SSP reduced it significantly. Best feed efficiency ratio (FER) was noted in broilers allotted 40% SSP diet. While, with ionophore, best FER noted in broilers allotted T diet was comparable with those allotted T and T diets. The Performance Index (PI) was maximum and 7 8 9 significantly (P<0.05) higher in broilers allotted T diet. During 5th to 6th weeks period, maximum weight gained by the 3 broilers assigned T3 diet was statistically similar to those allotted T and T diets. Overall, performance of broilers for 1 2 0-6th weeks, revealed that use of SSP up to 60% of DCP either improved the weight gain or had no significant influence on it. Addition of ionophore increased the weight gain only in broilers allotted control or 20% SSP diet. Maximum feed intake was observed in groups assigned 20% SSP diet. Use of ionophore increased the feed intake significantly in control as well as in those allotted 40% SSP diet. Best FER was observed in broilers allotted control diet without ionophore, but with ionophore use of 60% SSP instead of DCP was responsible for significantly higher FER. Maximum PI observed in broilers allotted control diet with and without ionophore was statistically similar to those allotted 40% SSP diet without ionophore. Hence it is concluded that use of 40% SSP instead of DCP in the mineral mixture of broilers is economical and it would be uneconomical to use ionophore under cage system of rearing of broilers.

12

Diversity of the male genitalia of Ichneumonidae (Insecta : Hymenoptera) of subfamily Pimplinae-II.

Deepak L. Phand and Dhairyashil V. Ahirrao

Pages:

49-51

2015

June

Male genitalia, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae, Echthromorpha holmgren, Lissopimpla kriechbaumer.

The male genitalia of the genus of Echthromorpha (Holmgren) and Lissopimpla Kriechbaumer (Ichneumonidae : Pimplinae) are described.

13

Study of process of spermatogenesis in Allocreadium ophiocephali, Srivastava,1960 (A Digenetic Trematode).

Rajani Gautam

Pages:

53-56

2015

June

Digenetic trematode, A.ophiocephali, Spermatogenesis, Mayer's paracarmine, Haemalum.

Present paper deals with the study of Spermatogenesis of a new digenetic trematode Allocreadium ophiocephali, Srivastava,1960. The helminthes parasites were collected from the intestine of a fresh water fish Ophiocephalus punctatus of the family Allocreadiidae stossich, at the locality Dhirma Nala, Rewa (M.P.) in the month of October and November. A few of the parasites were flattened on a clean slide under the slight pressure of a cover glass and fixed in alcoholic Bouin's fluid for 12 hours. Stains like Gower's Carmine, Mayer's paracarmine and Haemalum were used for the preparation of whole mounts for identification and the study of testes and process of Spermatogenesis in this specie.

14

Technological gap among farm women regarding selected drudgery reduction technologies related to agriculture.

Neha Tiwari and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

57-60

2015

June

Technological gap, Drudgery recution technologies, Agriculture.

The present investigation was taken up to find out the technological gap among farm women regarding selected drudgery reduction technologies related to agriculture. The present study was conducted in Gonda district of Uttar Pradesh. The data for the present study was consisted of 240 randomly selected farm women from two Panchayat samities. Pre-tested interview schedule was used for collection of the information. Findings of the study reveal that the farm women lacked knowledge about agriculture technologies and its possession and use was also limited.

15

Aspects of oocyte maturation and vitellogenesis in ticks Argas persicus and Riphicephalus sangunieus.

Haninder Maini

Pages:

61-64

2015

June

Cuticle, Funicular cells, Oocyte maturation, Vitellogenesis, Polar bodies.

Oocyte growth and development are the results of serially related events. The main growth phase of female ovaries and oviducts takes place during the post mating period on the host. It is positively related with the blood meal and maximum egg production is dependent upon full engorgement. During maturation of oocyte, many changes took place but the major change is the accumulation yolk protein or vitellin. The enormous growth of oocyte is linked with their accumulation. In present study role of funicular cells, pedicle, micropyle, sperm penetration in oviduct, polar bodies, vitelline envelope formation, vitellin and follicle resorption bodies is discussed. The nuclear position and its fragmentation is also discussed. As ticks are vector of various diseases, it is significant to study the oogenesis and oocyte maturation processes in these ticks commonly found in domestic and street dogs and poultry birds

16

Estimation of fluoride in drinking water and its impact on population of block Bangarmau, district Unnao (U.P.).

Saras and Bhawna Srivastana

Pages:

65-67

2015

June

Fluoride concentration, Fluorosis, Permissible limit etc.

For fulfilling the increasing demand of human need establishment of many industries leads to make drastic changes in nature in various aspects. Their effluent shows diversified impacts on the whole population. Fluoride is the element which may occur naturally in water. Fluoride concentration of approximately 1.0 mg/l in drinking water effectively reduces harmful effects on human health but intake of high concentration of fluoride beyond the tolerance level is responsible for Fluorosis. On the basis of survey, maximum population of all villages are largely effected from Fluorosis. There are 39 villages in block Bighapur. The sources of drinking water of the villages are underground wells and hand pumps and are characterized by a higher content of Fluoride. The present investigation was based on Fluoride estimation by chemical analysis. For the present study the water samples were collected randomly (February,2012 to January,2013) from the villages and were analyzed. Fluoride concentration ranged from 1.5-6.8 mg/l, whereas the permissible limit for Fluoride concentration is only 1.5 mg/l.

17

Morphological observation of mature female Aspidiotus tamarindi Green (Homoptera : Coccidea : Diaspididae).

R. V. S. Ojha, A. K. S. Chauhan and B. S. Chandel

Pages:

69-71

2015

June

Aspidiotus tamarindi, Annona squamosa, Mimusops elengi, Tamarindus indica, Morphological features.

Authors have studied morphological features of mature female insect Aspidiotus tamarindi Green, it belongs to family Diaspididae. It is an important pest of Annona squamosa Linn., Mimusops elengi Linn. and Tamarindus indica Linn. This pest almost attacks on the dorsal side of foliage leaves of the host trees but occasionally it is also found on the new twigs and fruits. In Aspidiotus tamarindi (Green) the body shape of adult female is somewhat circular and the pygidial part tapering posterior wards.

18

Total protein and glucose profile of urine during early pregnancy in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis).

Rahul Katiyar, Shiv Prasad and H. P. Gupta

Pages:

73-75

2015

June

Buffaloes, Early pregnancy, Urine, Glucose, Protein.

The present study was conducted to examine the variation in total protein and glucose profile of the urine during early pregnancy in buffaloes. Urine samples were obtained from 30 buffaloes (15 pregnant and 15 non pregnant) and assayed for total protein and glucose. Results indicated that total protein and glucose concentration of urine varied significantly between pregnant and non-pregnant group. Glucose and protein concentrations in pregnant group showed significantly difference from non-pregnant group from day 14 to 30 of estrous cycle.

19

Histological changes in the liver of freshwater fish Clarias batrachus exposed to paper mill effluent in Son river Shahdol.

Brajesh Patel, Asha Khanna, Priyanka Sinha and Rita Bhandari

Pages:

77-80

2015

June

Histological changes, Liver, Clarias batrachus.

In the present study histopathological studies have been conducted to establish fundamental relationship between contaminant exposure of paper mill effluent and various biological responses of fishes. The fishes Clarias batrachus were exposed to 1/5 of LC , 96 hour (9.5%) for 21th days to study the impacts on the histology of liver. 50 The physicochemical parameters of paper mill effluent were also analyzed. Many pathological changes were observed in the liver tissues such as vacuolated hepatocyte cells, irregular arrangement of parenchymatous cells, hyperpycnotic nuclei, congested central vain and condensed mass in central vein.

20

Phagodeterrent biopotency of Mantisalca duriaei, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, Cichorium intybus and Inula racemosa extracts in management of Plutella xylostella Linn. (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae).

B. S. Chandel and Manish Kumar

Pages:

81-84

2015

June

Asteraceae, Plant extracts, Plutella xylostella, Larval antifeedant activity.

Laboratory experiments were conducted to test the antifeedant biopotency of Mantisalca duriaei (Spach) Briq. et Cavill. Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (trev.) Vis.), Cichorium intybus (Chicory), Inula racemosa Hook. f, Reichardia tingitana Linn. Roth, Rhaponticum acaule (L.) DC. Scorzonera undulata Vahl. Spilanthes paniculata Well ex. DC Mantisalca duriaei (Spach) Briq. et Cavill. and Tagetes minuta L. in different concentrations (0.50%, 1.0% and 2.0%) against 3rd instar, 24 hrs starved larvae of Diamond Back Moth (DMB), Plutella xylostella Linn. The plant extract of Mantisalca duriaei gave the highest antifeedancy. It is evident that Mantisalca duriaei was most effective, which have maximum protectivity with least EC values i.e. 0.011 and placed on the top on the merit, 50 where as Chromolaena odorata, the least effective gave maximum EC values i.e. 0.416. On the basis of their respective 50 EC values, the protectivity responses of selected astereceous plant are summarized as under : Mantisalca duriaei 50 (0.011) > Reichardia tingitana (0.013) > Rhaponticum acaule (0.185) > Scorzonera undulata (0.295) > Inula racemosa (0.156) > Tagetes minuta (0.164) > Spilanthes paniculata (0.212) > Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (0.288) > Cichorium intybus (0.392) > Chromolaena odorata (0.416), respectively.

21

A new tapeworm, Indicovalipora singhi n.sp. (Eucestoda : Dilepididae) from Varanus indicus.

S. N. Pokale

Pages:

85-87

2015

June

Cestode, Indicovalipora, Varanus, Sangamner.

The genus Indicovalipora was erected by Shinde and Deshmukh in 1985 from intestine of Varanus indicus as type species I.marathawadaensis. Later on they added following four new species under this genus i.e. 1. I.varanusi, 2. I.aurangabadensis, 3. I.pathriensism, 4. I.indicus. The present communication, deals with the description, of a new species, of the same genus Indicovalipora singhi n.sp. from the intestine of dead Varanus, collected near Sangamner, Tq. Sangamner, Dist. Ahmednagar (M.S.).

22

Surgical management of second degree perineal lacerations in a buffalo.

Kiranjeet Singh, Girraj Shakya, Aswathy Gopinathan and A. M. Pawde

Pages:

89-90

2015

June

Surgical management, Buffalo, Perineal lacerations.

A clinical case of second degree perineal laceration in a buffalo was successfully managed by aseptic preparation of surgical site followed by surgical repaired was performed in two layers with the simple interrupted suture pattern with no 2 catgut. Skin of the perineum is undermined and is reflected lateral to permit subsequent closure of the skin and sutured with simple interrupted suture of no. 2 silk.

23

Quality of vermicompost made out of municipal solid waste.

G. Amaravathi and R. Mallikarjuna Reddy

Pages:

91-96

2015

June

Vermicompost, Municipal solid waste, Vermicompost quality, Eisenia feotida, Perionyx excavatus.

The vermicompost produced using municipal solid waste is compared with the quality parameters specified by WHO. Out of eight parameters mentioned in the standards, six parameters are taken into consideration and they are compared with the samples. These six parameters are total carbon, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, moisture content, pH and C/N ratio. Of these six parameters the total carbon, total phosphorus, moisture and pH of the samples are in accordance with the WHO standards. Nitrogen content of all the samples is much lower than the nitrogen content of the standards. On the other hand, C/N ratio varies with the period of vermicposting and materials used for vermicomposting. Based on the quality parameters mentioned by WHO standards, vermicompost prepared out of only municipal solid waste is observed to be poor quality. The addition of cattle dung or soil or both to municipal solid waste in limited proportion will yield good quality vermicompost. Further, the study indicates that both the earthworm species, Eisenia feotida, Perionyx excavatus, are equally efficient in converting municipal solid waste into good quality vermicompost.

24

Screening of dogs for diabetes mellitus in Gwalior and Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh.

Ranbir Singh Jatav, Ravi Sikordia, Shashi Pradhan and Amit Dohare

Pages:

97-102

2015

June

Dogs, Diabetes, Prevalence, Glycated hemoglobin, Serum fructosamine.

The present study was conducted to screen the dogs for diabetes mellitus by estimating blood glucose, urine glucose, glycated hemoglobin and serum fructosamine. Glycated hemoglobin and serum fructosamine indicated as valuable biomarkers tool for diagnosis of diabetes in dogs. A total of 626 dogs were screened. Overall prevalence reported for subclinical/clinical diabetes was 2.71% and 0.798%, respectively. Age wise prevalence of subclinical diabetes was higher in the age group of 5-8 years (76.47%). Clinical diabetes was higher in the age group of more than 8 yrs (60%). Highest prevalence of diabetes was recorded in Labrador, followed by GSD. Prevalence of diabetes, recorded in female dogs was higher than the male dogs.

25

Sensory evaluation of frozen stored fish mince of Nandus nandus, Channa marulius and Puntius sarana.

Ritu Agrawal, Sandeep P. Jahav and Mohd. Danish

Pages:

103-106

2015

June

Fish mince, Freezing, Shellife, Whiteness, Texture.

Sensory analysis is concerned with measuring physical properties by psychological techniques. Sensory methods are used for measuring the properties that cannot be evaluate by physical and chemical tests. Samples of Puntius sarana from Dhaura reservoir and Nandus nandus and Channa marulius from Baigul reservoir were eviscerated to get mince with the help of meat bone separator. Collected mince was washed and stored at -20�C. Samples were analyzed fortnightly for sensory evaluation. A taste panel consisting of five judges carried out sensory evaluation of the raw and cooked meat samples. The quality characteristics assessed were whiteness and odour for raw and cooked meat samples and also texture for only cooked sample on the basis of the 5 point scale. The results of sensory evaluation of mince revealed continuous decrease in the score for the quality of colour, odour and texture with each passing month of storage for all the species.

26

Studies on the bionomics of mustard aphid Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) in reference to Brassica compestris var. sarson in Gaya (Bihar).

H. N. Singh and B. K. Singh

Pages:

107-109

2015

June

Bionomics, L.erysimi, B.campestries var. sarson, Gaya.

Bionomics of mustard aphid Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) was surveyed and studied both in field crops and experimental fields sown with Brassica compestris var. sarson in the Tekari and konch area of Gaya district seasonal activity, host range and nature and extent of damage caused by aphid pests were evaluated and studied during September to April of two crop seasons of mustard crop i.e. 2013-2015.

27

Comparative study of proximate composition of mince extracted from Nandus nandus, Channa marulius and Puntius sarana during frozen storage at -20�C.

Ritu Agrawal, Sandeep P. Jadhav and Mohd. Danish

Pages:

111-114

2015

June

Proximate composition, Frozen storage, Fish mince.

The present study reports on the proximate composition of mince collected from small indigenous fishes collected from reservoirs of Uttaranchal. The results revealed that mince from low value fishes is also good source of animal protein and other important nutrients. Even though the mince has sustained some functional loss during the frozen storage; the average decrease in proximate composition at each slab of 15th days storage for 0-180th days of the total storage duration was not remarkable but was found marginal. The results for protein, moisture and fat content were found to decrease between 0-180th days in range of 22.00�0.26 to 4.18�0.14, 81.42�0.75 to 40.15�0.72 and 2.45� 0.98 to 0.67�0.087 respectively. The results represents, the proximate composition of different small indigenous fish more or equal to other large carp species, though the price is very lower than large species of fish. The findings of present study revealed that these small fishes are very good source of animal protein.

28

Screening of various bivoltine hybrids of silkworm Bombyx mori L. for disease susceptibility during autumn season in Uttar Pradesh.

Ravinder Sharma, Kamal Jaiswal, Noor-ul-Din, Sheetal Rani and Bilal Ah. Bhat

Pages:

115-118

2015

June

Grasserie, Flacherie, Susceptibility, Muscardine and % other diseases (DNV, CPV, IFV, Sotto disease).

Bombyx mori has long been reared as a beneficial insect in the sericulture industry and as an experimental laboratory insect. In tropical countries like India, grasserie, (BmNPV) spreads by the occultation bodies (OBs) in the blood cell of infected silkworm, usually high temperature and humidity prevalent in tropical regions is conductive to proliferation of polyhedrosis disease. It is known to occur in all larval instars during all seasons causing 20-50% cocoon crop losses in India. In the present study, four promising bivoltine hybrids will be screened for their susceptibility to BmNPV and BmIFV, Muscardine and other diseases and the susceptibility status has been compared across monsoon season of Uttar Pradesh. This will help in selecting most promising race for Autumn season of which will be least susceptibility to different Silkworm diseases viz., Grasserie, Bacterial flacherie, Muscardine and % other diseases (DNV, CPV, IFV, Sotto disease) and farmer will face less difficulty during silkworm rearing and will have no fear of attack of diseases. It will lead to further adoption and spread of Sericulture in other districts of Uttar Pradesh.

29

Boiga gokool (Gray,1835) a new distribution range.

H. K. S. Gajendra

Pages:

119-120

2015

June

Boiga gokool. Arrow mark snake.

Dantewada district is one of the Southern district of Chhattisgarh. The area has tropical humid to subhumid climate. The present study has described the morphology of the presently caught snake Boiga gokool (Gray, 1835) from Kirandul city of Dantewada district.

30

Boiga forsteni (Dumeril, Bibron & Dumeril,1854), first report from, district Dantewada, South Bastar (Chhattisgarh).

H. K. S. Gajendra

Pages:

121-122

2015

June

Boiga foresteni, Cat snake.

The snake Boiga foresteni was first time observed from Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. This district is one of the Southern district of Chhattisgarh state. The common name of Boiga foresteni is cat snake which was first sighted in Kirandul city of Dantewada district Chhattisgarh.

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