Year: 2015, Issue: December

31

Seasonal variation in physico-chemical status of water quality of Surajkund at Deo, Aurangabad (Bihar).

V. K. Ravi, Rachna Kumari, Roshan Kumari and B. N. Singh

Pages:

123-127

2015

December

Physico-chemical parameters, Water quality, Seasonal variation

In the present study an attempt has been made on seasonal variation in physico-chemical status of water quality of Surajkund at Deo, Aurangabad (Bihar). The study was carried out for a period of two years from January, 2014 to December,2014. An average value of atmospheric temperature was recorded to be 26.51�10.16�C, water temperature 22.067�9.05�C, pH 7.045�0.307, conductivity 986.24�124.97 ?mho/cm, dissolved oxygen 6.665�1.05 mg/l, biochemical oxygen demand 3.83�1.25 mg/l, nitrate 1.234�0.23 mg/l, total alkalinity 235.23�24.50 mg/l, chloride 13.48�2.21 mg/l, hardness 194.025�43.05 mg/l, total dissolved solid 588.14�60.51 mg/l and phosphate 0.2925�0.06 mg/l in this study. Statistical analysis inferred that air temperature and water temperature is negatively correlated to pH, dissolved oxygen and phosphate but positively to conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand, nitrate, total alkalinity, chloride, hardness and total dissolved solid. On the other hand, pH showed negative correlation to biochemical oxygen demand, total alkalinity, chloride, hardness and total dissolved solid but positive correlation to conductivity, dissolved oxygen, nitrate and phosphate. Dissolved oxygen is also negatively correlated to biochemical oxygen demand, nitrate, total alkalinity, chloride, hardness and total dissolved solid but positively to phosphate. The analysis will help in understanding the present status of the water body, biodiversity and occurrence of phytoplankton in this system and also assessment of precautionary measures.

32

Effect of mutagens on bioremediation activities of bacteria isolated from cadmium contaminated soil and industrial effluent.

Prakash Gupta

Pages:

129-134

2015

December

Bioremediation, Mutagens, Heavy metals (Cadmium), Dumping yards, Industrial effluents, Microbes.

The study sites were dumping yards of industrial effluents located at Devgudariya and Pithumpur of Indore (M.P.) for present study. These dumping yards were heavily contaminated with effluents from industrial wastes of different industries along with domestic sewage and agricultural operations. The concentrations of cadmium in soil and sludge measured firstly and then bacteria were isolates from soil and sludge and finally degraded through the bioremediation. The Bacterial strain was employed for removal of Cd2+. The main objectives were to study the effect of mutagens on Bioremediation to detoxify and degrade environmental contaminants like "heavy metals" by the use of "microorganism or microbial processes".

33

A note on poop therapy with Fecal Microbiota Transplantations (FMT).

Mohammad Shahid Masroor, Shagufta Parween and Mohammad Salim

Pages:

135-136

2015

December

Poop therapy, Gastrointestinal diseases, Fecal microbiota, Transplantation.

Though, poop therapy was first documented in 4th century China, the Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) has gained interest recently as a novel treatment option for several incurable gastrointestinal diseases. It seems, now, the time has come to reevaluate the efficiency of FMT as a treatment option which is still in infancy. The present paper discusses the need and urgency of FMT with their treatment modalities of several incurable gastrointestinal human diseases.

34

Dictyoarthrinium bostockiensis a new species of Hyphomycetes from Indore (M.P.) India.

Smita Dubey

Pages:

137-138

2015

December

A new species, Dictyoarthrinium bostockiensis described.

Dictyoarthrinium bostockiensis a new species described and a key for seven species given along with diagrams and measurements of conidiophores and conidia.

35

Adaptation pattern of agricultural management practices in relation to climatic change among the farmers of Rewa district (M.P.).

Sanjay Singh, Shyam Patidar and Nirmala Singh

Pages:

139-140

2015

December

Agricultural management, Climatic change, Farmers.

There has been growing interest regarding human perception and value system toward climate change. Adaptation to climate change involves changes in agricultural management practices in response to changing climatic condition. Considering the importance of these practices for minimizing the adverse effect of climatic change the present investigation was conducted in Rewa district of M.P. during 2014-15. The sample was consisted of 120 farmers of adopted villages of KVK Rewa (M.P.). The investigation revealed that the major effect of climate change as viewed by the farmers were as rise in temperature, long dry spell, prevalence of pests and diseases, early withdrawal of monsoon, decrease in rainfall and incidence of frost and hailstorm. The study suggests that awareness and training programmes for the farmers should be conducted frequently so as to enhance the adaptation rate of the practices namely integrated pest and disease management, integrated nutrient management and integrated weed management.

36

Identification of some-active compounds of ethyl acetate extract of Cenchrus ciliaris by Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometric analysis.

Premlata Singariya, Krishan Kumar Mourya and Padma Kumar

Pages:

141-148

2015

December

Cenchrus ciliaris, GC-MS analysis, Vioactive components.

The investigation was carried out to determine the possible bioactive components of Cenchrus ciliaris using Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS). All the samples were dried firstly at 60�C for 2 days in an oven after that leave it on room temperature. They were then macerated to powder form with a mixer grinder. The powder was stored in air sealed polythene bags at room temperature before extraction. The chemical compositions of the ethyl acetate extract of whole Cenchrus ciliaris plant were investigated using Perkin-Elmer Gas chromatography- Mass spectrometry. While the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extract was matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and WILEY-8 library. 103 components of the above said plant were identified. This is the first report of identification of components from the whole plant of Cenchrus ciliaris by GC-MS.

37

Maximization of productivity and profitability for chickpea through improved production of technologies in farmers fields of Ghatera babaji command area of Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh.

Rajiv Dubey and S. K. Sharma

Pages:

149-150

2015

December

Chickpea, Production technology.

Chickpea is a one of the most important pulses crop grown during rabi season in Madhya Pradesh. Adaptive research trials on Chickpea were conducted during rabi season of 2013-14 at fields of farmers practices, in order to demonstrate production potential and economic benefit B:C ratio of improved production technologies consisting suitable varieties (cv. JG 16), seed rate (30 kg/acre), seed treatment with vitavex @ 20 g/kg seed, recommended dose of fertilizer RDF (20:60:20:30 NPKS kg/ha + Rhizobium + PSB @ 20 g/kg of seed), Indoxacarb (15.5 SC) @ 500 ml/ha for control of Helicoverpa armigera, pre-emergence application of pendimethalin @ 1.0 kg ai/ ha for weed control and one sprinkler irrigation was applied. The improved production technologies recorded the mean seed yield of 1886 kg/ha which was 55.23% higher than that of farmers practices of 1215 kg/ha. Improved technologies had given higher economic B:C ratio (2.20) over farmers practices (1.60).

38

Ethno-veterinary medicines and practices prevalent among tribal and rural communities of Chitrakoot, district Satna.

Ravi Sundar Prajapati, G. P. Richhariya, Ravindra Singh, I. P. Tripathi and Manoj Tripathi

Pages:

151-154

2015

December

Ethno veterinary, Tribal communities, Chitrakoot.

Millions of people have keep an intimate relationship with their livestock and depend on their for food, clothing, labour, fertilizers and cash. Animals are a vital part of our culture and many religious societies are regarded as equal to humans. The present communication deals with the systematic survey and documentation of Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants used by the tribal and rural communities of Chitrakoot, Satna district (M.P.), with the help of standard questionnaire. Information was collected from traditional practitioners, Vaidyas, community leaders, knowledgeable men and women during February,2014-January,2015. The survey were conducted 20 villages of tribal dominant of Chitrakoot region with 120 field trips in different seasons. Present study 35 plant species have been found used to treat the livestock for curing several diseases by villagers.

39

Study of production of major food grain crops in Madhya Pradesh and their yield sustainability.

H. K. Niranjan, J. K. Gupta and D. Rathi

Pages:

155-159

2015

December

Parametric model, Sustainability yield index and production.

Food crops like wheat, rice, maize play important roles in solving food and nutritional security problem. In the realm of food crops in the world, wheat (Triticum spp.) occupies the number one position. India is one of the principal wheat producing and consuming countries in the world. Its importance in Indian agriculture is second to rice only. World population particularly the population of developing world is increasing at an alarming rate. To feed these ever increasing human populations remains a challenging task to the planners of the individual countries and also the world bodies. The planners should know the likely population behaviour of the countries under changing scenario. During present study under investigation thus, from the study of area, production and productivity of rice, wheat and maize it is seen that there has been improvement in all the fronts in Madhya Pradesh. Wheat was found more sustainability as compare to rice and wheat.

40

A new species of Tretopileus Dodge from Khandwa (M.P.) India.

Smita Dubey

Pages:

161-162

2015

December

Tretopileus khandwensis described.

A new species Tretopileus khandwensis described.

41

Perception of the participating farmers about sustainability of natural resource management under integrated watershed management programme in Rewa district (M.P.)

Ashwin Rithe, Sanjay Singh and Nirmala Singh

Pages:

163-165

2015

December

Perception, Sustainability of natural resource management, Participating farmers.

The present investigation was carried out in Rewa district of M.P. The Participating farmers of Integrated Watershed Management Programme running since the year 2009-10 were selected for the purpose of present research work through proportionate random sampling method to make a sample of 120 respondents. Perception of participating farmers towards sustainability of natural resource management was assessed through pretested semi-structured interview schedule. The data were analyzed by using frequency percentage; mean and applying statistical test i.e. Correlation coefficient for interpretation of results. The study revealed that the perception of the participating farmers were observed in desired trends in case of aspects of sustainability viz. soil and water storage management, agriculture production, land development and soil and water conservation. It may be concluded from the above findings that the aspects entrepreneurship development and soil fertility management need to more emphasized and considered in line with the needs and interest of the farmers. It was also found that attributes of respondents namely education, family education, annual income, material possession, social participation, project benefit, decision making, economic motivation, organizational participation, training participation and local institution participation had significant relationship with perception of participating farmers about sustainability of natural resource management at 0.05 level of probability.

42

Anthropometric study of children at JSS free residential school in Suttur, Mysuru district, Karnataka.

Netravati Yattinamani and Arun Balamatti

Pages:

167-171

2015

December

Body mass index, Nutritional status, Waist to hip ratio, NCHS standards, Under-nutrition.

Anthropometric study was conducted at JSS free residential school in Suttur village of Mysuru district, Karnataka. A total of 300 students, 150 boys and girls each, between 6 and 16 years of age, were selected. Each child was subjected to weight, height, mid arm, waist and hip circumference measurements. The nutritional status of the subjects was assessed. These were compared with National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS) standards. The results showed that the anthropometric measurements of the boys and girls of all age groups were below the NCHS standards. While the quantity of food, hygiene and sanitation facilities in the hostel were adequate, the diet was deficient in energy, protein and vitamin requirements of the children due to inadequate supply of vegetables, fruits and milk. In addition, the poor socio-economic status of the children seems to have carried the effect of poverty and the associated poor nutrition, hygiene and sanitation.

43

Seroprevalence of bluetongue diseases in small ruminants in grid region Madhya Pradesh.

Ravi Sikrodia, Santhalembi Chingtham and Varsha Sharma

Pages:

173-175

2015

December

Bluetongue, Sheep and goat, Seroprevalence, Madhya Pradesh.

Bluetongue disease is a noncontiguous insect transmitted viral disease of domestic and wild ruminants. Clinically affects sheep and goat while infection seen in buffalo, cattle and cheetal subclinically. The disease is characterized by high fever, respiratory distress, facial edema, lameness, oral ulceration and hemorrhage. Severity of BT is highly variable, ranging from subclinical to severe depending on virus strain and host susceptibility. The causative agent of BT has the potential for serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders. BTV belongs to genus Orbivirus of the family Reoviridae, consisting of ten double stranded RNA viral genome segments. Till date 25 serotypes have been identified throughout the world, out of which 21 are circulating in India. The disease has been reported from all neighboring states of M.P. Madhya Pradesh has agro-climatic condition viz. temperature, rainfall, humidity pattern etc. conducive for the propagation of Culicoides midges. A total of 440 blood samples were collected from agro-climatic zone VII of Madhya Pradesh during the study period. Out of which, species wise 210 sheep, 230 goat samples were collected. The overall prevalence of BTV antibodies were calculated to be 27.72%.

44

The effect of feed acidification on the Carcass characteristic of broilers.

Anuradha Yadav, Parminder Singh, S. S. Sikka and Bhujendra Soni

Pages:

177-179

2015

December

Feeds, Broilers, Carcass, Acidifier.

To determine the effect of feed acidification on the carcass characteristics of broiler chicken, four treatments were formed (of 48 chickens each) together with control. The chicks in the treatment 1 received antibiotic - furazolidone (200 mg/100 kg) and treatment 2 included acidifier 1- mixture of formic acid and lactic acid, treatment 3 were fed acidifier 2- butyric acid acidifier and treatment 3 was given acidifier 3-prepared in laboratory by mixing copper sulphate, lactic acid and water in the ratio 1:2:3 respectively. The acidifiers in the feed were at the rate of 50 mg/100 kg for starter followed by 50 mg/kg in the finisher. For studying the carcass characteristics 3 males and 3 females per treatment were slaughtered and their carcass characteristics liver, heart, gizzard weight were recorded. The weight and their dressing percentage were calculated. Neither the antibiotic nor the acidifier diet showed significant effect on the carcass characteristics.

45

Knowledge and use of selected drudgery reduction technologies related to animal husbandry among farm women.

Neha Tiwari and Rajshree Upadhyay

Pages:

181-183

2015

December

Bio-Contamination, Chivari (O) Tank.

The Present investigation deals with the study of Biological contamination of Chivari (O) tank of Osmanabad (M.S.) the study was carried out during the year 2012 (January to December). The Bio-Contamination of water includes disease producing Bacteria, Protozoan and helminth eggs etc.

46

Food labelling awareness and factors influencing purchase behavior : A study of University faculty.

Ramandeep Kaur and Sonika Sharma

Pages:

185-188

2015

December

Food labels, Awareness score, Nutritional information, Food brand and purchase behavior

To assess the awareness regarding food labeling a random selection of 240 University faculty from Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) was made and their awareness scores were calculated. It was found that all the respondents scored above average marks as the total awareness score was 68.9%. Professors scored better (69.4%) than their counterparts. Females (69.42%) were more aware about food labels than male respondents (68.50%). Respondents in the income category of 15-20 lacs scored highest (71.64%) followed by income category of 5-10 lacs (69.4%), 10-15 lacs (67.2%) and >20 lacs/annum (66.1%). The factors that influenced the buying behavior of the respondents were nutritional information with the highest score of 85.4%, followed by the food brand (81.2%), flavor (76.2%) and the least importance was given to the price of the food commodity. Further a significant positive correlation was observed between food label awareness of the respondents with nutrition knowledge, trust bestowed on food labels and food purchase behavior.

47

Molluscun diversity of Makani project, Makani Osmanabad (M.S.).

H. K. Jadhav and M. G. Babare

Pages:

189-190

2015

December

Molluscun diversity, Makani project, Osmanabad.

The present communication deals with the study of Molluscun diversity of Makani, project Makani Osmanabad (M.S.). The work was carried out during the year 2012 (January to December). The results shows that gastropods dominated the molluscun diversity in compared with the bivalves.

48

Common carotid artery intima-media thickness : As a predictor of coronary artery disease in type-2 diabetics.

Piyush Saxena, Sujeet Verma and Sarita Bajaj

Pages:

191-195

2015

December

Type-2 diabetes, Coronary heart disease, Cardiovascular disease.

The present paper describes the diabetes coronary artery diseases. Diabetes remains one the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease. The common carotid artery intima-media thickness used as an indicator of atherosclerosis, which provides noninvasive method for risk assessment of stroke and cardiovascular diseases.

49

Indigenous technical knowledge and ancient proverbs of the coastal fisher folk of Dakshina Kannada and their implications.

D. P. Rajesh, S. Benakappa, S. M. Shivaprakash, P. S. Swathi Lekshmil, H. N. Anjanayappa, S. R. Somashekara, M. Sureshaadiga, B. T. Naveen Kumar and D. P. Prakasha

Pages:

197-200

2015

December

Indigenous technical knowledge, Fisheries, Proverbs, Implications.

A field survey was conducted to document the Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) of fisherfolk of Karnataka. Profile analysis of the respondents showed that majority were of old age (above 45 years), had primary level of education, were married and had a minimum fishing experience of 20 years. Majority had a family size of more than 4 members and nuclear families and dwelled in pucca houses. The Indigenous Technical Knowledge of the fisherfolk of fishing villages, Bengre, Dumavathi, Ullal and Kulai belonging to Dakshina Kannada district were collected and the scientific rationale for the same was studied.

50

Studies on bio-contamination of Chivari (O) tank of Osmanabad district (M.S.).

H. K. Jadhav

Pages:

201-202

2015

December

Bio-Contamination, Chivari (O) Tank.

The Present investigation deals with the study of Biological contamination of Chivari (O) tank of Osmanabad (M.S.) the study was carried out during the year 2012 (January to December). The Bio-Contamination of water includes disease producing Bacteria, Protozoan and helminth eggs etc.

51

Constraints faced by rural women in dairying.

Nishu Kanwar Bhati, Rajshree Upadhyay and Snehlata Maheshwari

Pages:

203-206

2015

December

Dairying, Constraints, Rural women.

Dairy and rural women complement each other. They are the backbone of agriculture livestock production system. Unlike income generated from crop production, which is seasonal in a state like Rajasthan, dairying is a source of a stable income bringing in cash on a daily basis and providing livelihoods security. And as women are the ones engaged in dairying activities, it becomes imperative to analyze and study the constraints they face. Thus, the present paper aims to highlight the constraints faced by of rural women in dairying. The study was conducted in Lunkaransar Panchayat Samiti of Bikaner district, a major milk producing district in Rajasthan on 100 rural women. Study of the major constraints faced by the respondents revealed that economic constraints (70.95 MPS) were perceived most followed by technical constraint (62.80), infrastructural (62.33) and family/personal constraints (48.83).

52

Effect of supplementing Azolla microphylla on nutrient intake and digestibility in Jersey crossbred heifers.

Arbind Khare, A. Chatterjee, C. Bhakat, M. Mandal, S. K. Das and M. K. Ghosh

Pages:

207-211

2015

December

Azolla, Chemical composition, Intake, Nutrient digestibility, Crossbred heifers.

In the present investigation it is proposed to study the effect of feeding fresh A.microphylla on intake and digestibility of nutrients in crossbred growing female calves while supplemented replacing equivalent amount of concentrate mixture. The experiments were conducted in 12 crossbred growing female calves distributed in two groups. The crude protein (CP) content of A.microphylla ranged from 21.65- 27.86 with a mean value of 24.93�0.93. The chemical composition of A.microphylla in terms of OM%, EE%, CF%, TA%, AIA% and NFE% were 77.03� 0.79, 3.33�0.13, 9.86�0.25, 22.98�0.79, 3.94�0.49 and 39.96�1.56, respectively on DM basis. During digestibility trial there was no significant difference in DM, CP and TDN intake indicating Azolla supplementation had no adverse effect on voluntary feed intake. The DM digestibility was 61.25�2.23 and 62.34�3.88 percent, OM digestibility was 65.60�1.81 and 66.76�2.00 percent for the control and treatment group respectively without any statistically significant difference. Azolla supplementation had no adverse effect on the digestibility of nutrients as well, rather the digestibility of EE and CF were significantly enhanced. In the present study the data on chemical composition and digestibility of nutrients indicates that A.microphylla an be a very promising alternative feed resource for ruminants.

53

Ecofriendly use of Chromolaena odorata, Spilanthes paniculata and Tagetes minuta extracts as antifeedant against Diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) on mutard.

B. S. Chandel and Manish Kumar

Pages:

213-216

2015

December

Plant extracts, Diamondback moth, DBM and Mustard, B.juncea ver. varuna

Experiments were conducted to test the antifeeding properties of selected ten indigenous plant extracts against 24 hr. starved 3rd instars larvae of P.xylostella under laboratory conditions. Ten indigenous asteraceous plant extracts viz., Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (trev.) Vis., Chromolaena odorata Linn. Cichorium intybus Linn., Inula racemosa Hook. f, Reichardia tingitana Linn. Roth, Rhaponticum acaule (L.) DC., Scorzonera undulata Vahl., Spilanthes paniculata Well ex DC, Mantisalca duriaeri (Spach) Birq. Et Cavill. and Tagetes minuta L. against the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella Linn. (Lepidooptera : Noctuidae) along with control (benzene + emulsified water) to find out their comparative antifeeding efficacy under laboratory. It is evident from the data that on the basis of their EC values all plant extract showed significant promising protection power (showing values less than 0.50) to 50 larvae of P.xylostella. After 24 h the C.odorata extract was found to be the most effective treatment with minimum EC 50 values (0.011) followed by S.paniculata extract and R.acaule treatments with minimum EC values was 0.013 and 50 0.156, respectively. The sequence of protection power under laboratory conditions can be arranged in the following descending order on the basis of their respective EC values i.e. C.odorata > S.paniculata > T.minuta > S.undulata > 50 I.racemosa > R.acaule > R.tingitana > C.cinerariaefolium > C.intybus > M.duriaei, respectively. 0.011 > 0.013 > 0.0.018 > 0.156 > 0.164 > 0.212 > 0.288 > 0.295 > 0.392 > 0.416 times protective, respectively as M.duriaei taken as unit.

54

Oxidative stress due to hot climate in non descript goats.

Ranbir Singh Jatav

Pages:

217-220

2015

December

Summer, Oxidative stress, Goats, Haemoglobin.

The aim of present study was to evaluate the effects of the hot climate on the oxidative status of native goats. Blood samples were taken in pre summer and summer and oxidative stress was evaluated by determining various serum biomarkers glutathione reductase (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT) and haematological parameters (packed cell volume and haemoglobin). The reference values for oxidative stress parameters of adult clinically healthy native goats were as followed : SOD 778.65-1190.50 U/g Hb, GSH 266.67-322.74 U/g Hb, CAT 1536.29?2215.63 U/g Hb and MDA 0.346-0.801 ?mol/l (Nazifi et al.,2009). Stressed goats exhibited lower levels of haemoglobin and packed cell volume. The activity of glutathione reductase and superoxide dismutase increased significantly. It was concluded that oxidative stress was increased in goats during summer.

55

Effect of industrial effluent on fry of fresh water carp Catla catla.

R. M. Sanga and P. B. Sirsat

Pages:

221-224

2015

December

Mortality, Industrial effluent, Fish fry.

The main threats to aquatic life are industries which discharges their effluent without treatment into near water bodies. The contaminants in the may pose a risk to early life stage survival and ultimately reduce recruitment into the adult population. To study the response mortality of common carp Catla catla fry against distillery effluent; the fry were exposed to different concentrations of industrial effluent (0.2% to 3.0%) for the period of 96 hrs. The overall survival and mortality of the fry was observed under controlled laboratory conditions. The common carp fry showed high rate of mortality at low concentrations of distillery effluent. The results obtained in this study shows the rate of fry mortality was 20% at concentration 1.1% within 12 hrs exposure. 100% mortality was observed within 12 hr of exposure at 1.3% concentration. 60% mortality was found in 24 hrs at 1.2% concentration. No mortality has been found at the concentration for 0.1 to 0.9% during the period of 96 hrs. No mortality was observed in the control group of larvae.

56

Systemic lupus erythematosus patients treated with cyclophosphamide and ovarian insufficiency.

Piyush Saxena, Somya Saxena and Arvind Gupta

Pages:

225-228

2015

December

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Cyclophosphamide exposure, Ovarian insufficiency

To study the toxicities associated with pulse cyclophosphamide therapy and to compare then with patients without cyclophosphamide exposure. In this retrospective cross-sectional observational study Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients who had received immunosuppressive agents in the past were interviewed in the out patient department for drug related toxicities. Patients were asked about the any history of tuberculosis, herpes zoster, hemorrhagic cystitis or ovarian toxicity in the past. Among 90 patients 84 (93%) were females. The mean age at the start of therapy was 29-7+9-95 (range 8-67) years. Thirty-eight patients (34 females) had received cyclophosphamide. The mean cumulative dose of cyclophosphamide was 9.2+4.2 (range 1-20) grams and mean time duration from start of cyclophosphamide exposure to enrollment was 3.6+3.2 (range 0.4-11) years. Of the rest 52 (50 females) patients 30 had received only steroids, 18 had received only azathioprine and 4 patients had received only hydroxychloroquine. There was a higher occurrence of transient amenorrhea (10/34 versus 2/50, p0.001) and premature menopause (6/34 versus 1/50 p 0.02) in patients treated with cyclophosphamide as compared to those who had not received it. Patients with cyclophosphamide exposure had higher prevalence of Hematuria (2 versus 0 patients), tuberculosis (4 versus 1 patient) and herpes zoster infection (3 versus 0 patients) but these differences were not significant statistically. Transient amenorrhea was seen in one-third and premature menopause was seen in onesixth of LCE with cyclophosphamide exposure.

57

Distribution and diversity of Lepidoptera species for conservation planning and documentation in Panchmari Biosphere Reserve, Hoshangabad (M.P.)

Sangeeta Rajgir, M. Khalique, Parag Bhalla and Manoj K. Sharma

Pages:

229-232

2015

December

Lepidoptera species, Moths butterflies, Panchmari biosphere reserve.

Order Lepidoptera includes moths and butterflies which are good biological indicators. The paper deals with the study of 61 species of butterflies and 20 species of moths collected from Panchmari Biosphere Reserve, Hoshangabad (M.P.). Results showed that the urgent need to making some conservation strategy to safe the Lepidoptera species of PBR.

58

Trimeresurus gramineus (Shaw,1802), first report from Chattisgarh state.

H. K. S. Gajendra

Pages:

233-234

2015

December

Trimeresurus gramineus, Green pit viper, Bamboo pit viper.

Dantewada district is one of the southern district of Chhattisgarh. The area of the district is covered, more than 50% with dense, sal (Shorea robusta) dominated forests. So far the Trimeresurus gramineus snake has not been reported from either the Dantewada district or the Chhattisgarh state. The present study has described the morphology of the presently caught snake.

59

Dendrelaphis tristis (Daudin,1803), first report from Chhttisgarh state.

H. K. S. Gajendra

Pages:

235-236

2015

December

Dendrelaphis tristis, Tree snake.

The present study has described the morphology of the recently caught tree snake Dendrelaphis tristis.

60

Geochelone elegans (Schoepff,1795), a new addition to Chhattisgarh fauna.

H. K. S. Gajendra

Pages:

237-238

2015

December

Geochelone elegans, Starred tortoise.

Geochelone elegans is commonly known as starred tortoise. The present study has described the morphology of the Geochelone elegans, which was reported from village Mattimarka, district Bijapur of Chhattisgarh state.

61

Investigation of Indian rice gall midges and its natural enemies at Panna (M.P.)

R. M. Datta and Lankesh

Pages:

239-240

2015

December

Indian rice gall midges, O.royzae, O.royzivora, Pest.

Rice gall midges Orseolia oryzae and Orseolia oryzivora are important pests of rice in Asia and in Africa respectively. It is essentially as monsoon pest and causes damage wherever higher humidity and moderate temperature prevail. The experiment was carried out in the farmer's field of adjoining village Gahira district Panna (M.P.). The biology of rice gall midge (emergence, egg laying, incubation and pupal period and sex-ratio) and its natural enemies were studied.

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