Year: 2018, Issue: June

An assessment of nutritional value of Balanites aegyptiaca (Linn.) Delile - A multipurpose tree of Rajasthan desert.

Author:

Vinod Kumari

Keyword:

Nutritional value, Mineral analysis, Rajasthan desert.

Nutritive contents determine the fodder value of plant as a whole or its parts for livestock. In the present study, crude proteins, crude fat (ether extract), carbohydrate and mineral elements - calcium, phosphorus, magnesium were estimated from different parts of Balanites aegyptiaca (Linn.) Delile. It is commonly found in scrub forests, wastelands, along the road and in fields of Rajasthan desert. Analysis revealed that all the plant parts contained high amount of crude proteins which ranged from 4.59%-17.05% with maximum in leaves and minimum in seed. Ether extract (Crude fat) was estimated to be highest in seed (6.65%) and lowest in fruit pulp (3.1%). Total organic matter was ranged from 82.4%-88.28% with maximum in seed and minimum in leaves. Total carbohydrates was found to be maximum in fruit pulp (75.82%) and minimum in leaves (61.53%). The concentration of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium ranged between 0.4%-3.0% (Calcium), 1.03%-1.64% (Phosphorus) and 0.21%-0.52% (Magnesium). Highest amount of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium was reported from leaves, fruit pulp and leaves, respectively. High nutritive and mineral contents of desert plants make them better fodder.

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