Year: 2017, Issue: June

Environmental conservation through watershed management.
Author:
A. K. Bajpai
Keyword:
Watershed management, Biotic and biotic component.
The last several decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in environmental planning and watershed management from a top down government agency driven process toward a more collaborative grass roots approach that includes stakeholder participation problem solving and solving and consensus building. Rather than focusing on specific areas within the watershed landscape the new community based approach (a) establishes local priorities within the context of regional and national goals and coordinates private and public actions (b) integrates the biotic and biotic components as well as the human and economic factors into the planning and management decisions (c) foucuse of quantifiable risks and benefits and measurable outcomes, and (d) establishes a process for involving nongovernmental organization and citizens through formal and informal meeting. Under this approach, the watershed represents an appropriate unit or hydro-political boundary for unifying the management approach emerged heralded as an innovative approach for maintaining the watershed management approach include (i) delineation of the landscape into hydro-logically and culturally homogeneous bination of hydrographic, and human factors; (ii) development and implementation of sequence of management potions-both tactical to guide regulatory and nonregulatory action within the defined units.

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